Updates | Rules and legislation | Depositor protection | Financial returns | Other forms | Statistics | Authorisation and registration | Resources | Pre 2016 updates
The Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) regulates approximately 500 credit unions in the United Kingdom. This section contains useful information including the rules and legislation for credit unions. Please use the links at the top of this page to access the relevant information. For the latest updates for credit unions, see below.
Readers may also find it useful to refer to 'The PRA's approach to banking supervision' for the details on how the PRA supervises credit unions (available under Related Links).
On 21 November 2016, the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) published CP41/16 ‘Deposit protection limit’ which sets out the PRA’s proposals to reset the deposit protection limit at £85,000.
On 14 November the PRA published PS31/16 ‘Credit unions regulatory reporting’ which provides feedback to responses to Consultation Paper (CP) 24/16 ‘Credit union regulatory reporting’ and sets out final rules, updated notes on completing credit union returns and updated annual and quarterly returns. The new reporting requirements take effect from Tuesday 3 January 2017.
Credit unions will be required to use the Bank of England’s Electronic Data Submission (BEEDS) portal for the submission of quarterly and annual returns. The PRA supervision team will be contacting credit unions to request some basic details to grant access to the portal. This will include a request for the nomination of a ‘principal user’ who will: i) act as the main contact for the PRA with respect to BEEDS; ii) complete the credit union’s registration on the BEEDS; and iii) be able to register additional users and submit returns. Credit unions should ensure they respond to the request by Friday 9 December 2016. Following this, further instructions on how to access BEEDS and an information guide will be sent directly to the nominated principal user.
Details of the BEEDs portal, including how to access it and support, and the updated reporting notes and templates, which take effect from Tuesday 3 January 2017, are available on the ‘Credit unions regulatory reporting – supporting materials’ webpage. Firms with a 30 September year end wishing to submit their quarterly return for the period ending 31 December 2016 should wait until 3 January 2017, when the new notes and templates take effect.
Update on CP24/16 ‘Credit union regulatory reporting’ – next steps
The consultation period for CP24/16 ‘Credit union regulatory reporting’ closed on 5 September 2016. The PRA is reviewing responses with the aim of issuing final policy by the end of the year with new rules taking effect on 3 January 2017.
As set out in the CP, the PRA proposed that credit unions only enter or upload their quarterly and annual returns and regulatory data electronically on a system.
To access the system, credit unions would enter a username, a password and some form of secondary identification, similar to the systems generally used to access online banking. To ensure that we have the right details, the Credit Union Supervision team will be contacting credit unions in early November to request some basic details that would allow them to access the system.
We anticipate credit unions will use the system to submit the December 2016 quarterly return and the annual return for the period ended 30 September 2015. Credit unions who would usually submit their annual return prior to January 2017 should send their annual accounts – but not their return - to the PRA via their usual method. This change in reporting should have no bearing on any credit union wishing to hold its AGM, sign off its accounts and pay its members a dividend prior to January 2017.
On current plans the system will go live on 3 January 2017. Ahead of this, the PRA will aim to provide a further update to credit unions on:
- the final policy following CP24/16;
- system login details; and
- how to access the new system and the support that will be available.
On 5 September 2016 the PRA published Policy Statement (PS) 23/16 'Responses to Chapter 5 of CP41/15 - amendment to the definition of credit unions'. This policy statement provides feedback to responses and final rules for Chapter 5 of Consultation Paper 41/15.
Responses to Chapter 5 of CP41/15 - amendment to the definition of credit unions - PS23/16
On 4 July 2016 the PRA published Consultation Paper (CP) 24/16 'Credit union regulatory reporting'. The CP sets out proposals for changes to the reporting requirements that apply to credit unions: these replace the returns that must currently be submitted and require that the new returns be submitted electronically. Click on the link to the consultation below for more information.
Credit union regulatory reporting - CP24/16
The Senior Managers Regime (SMR) came into force on Monday 7 March. Key points for credit unions from the new regime are highlighted below:
- Senior Management Function (SMF) 8 is the the only mandatory PRA-designated function for credit unions (SMF17 Money Laundering Reporting Officer is a mandatory FCA-designated function). While credit unions have the option to do so, there is no PRA requirement or expectation to make use of the other SMFs (eg Chief Finance Function (SMF2) or Chairman Function (SMF9)). More than one individual can perform the SMF8.
- There are 9 mandatory Prescribed Responsibilities that apply to credit unions. A credit union must ensure it has at least one person (who must be an SMF) designated as responsible for each one of these responsibilities. There are additional Prescribed Responsibilities which apply to banks and building societies of a certain size. Larger credit unions may wish to allocate these among their SMFs but are neither required nor expected to do so.
- Applications for pre-approval as an SMF8 (or, if applicable another SMF in a credit union) should be accompanied by a Statement of Responsibilities setting out the key responsibilities which the candidate will have in their role. Credit unions can use the Connect system to submit their applications. The system will allow them to access a template Statement of Responsibilities. The number of applications under the SMR is expected to reduce for credit unions relative to the Approved Persons Regime, and the PRA will only contact credit unions where necessary. Credit unions are also required to produce, submit and maintain a Responsibilities Map setting out their governance arrangements. Responsibilities Maps should reflect the size and complexity of the underlying institutions; for small credit unions with a straightforward business model a relatively simple plan will suffice.
Where an individual is put forward for approval, the PRA will require credit unions to attach the individual's CV to the application.
Update on 5 February - On 1 February 2016, the PRA held an industry briefing on Policy Statement 4/16 ‘Reform of the legacy Credit Unions sourcebook’. A copy of the slides from the event is available below. A link to the information published by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) in respect of this statement is also available below.
The reform of the legacy Credit Unions sourcebook – presentation to credit union trade associations.
FCA PS16/1: Reform of the legacy Credit Union sourcebook
Update on 1 February - The PRA and FCA published PS4/16’ Reform of the legacy Credit Unions sourcebook’. The PS includes feedback to CP22/15 published jointly in June 2015, PRA final rules and a supervisory statement intended to be read in conjunction with the rule instrument, and FCA final rules and guidance. The PS also contains the FCA changes to the Credit Unions Sourcebook as a result of CP14/31 relevant to the accountability regime. The changes following PRA and FCA CP22/15 and CP15/21 will come into force on 3 February 2016 with the exception of PRA rules on whistleblowing (Credit Unions 12), which come into force 7 September 2016 - see Credit Unions 18 for transitional rules for the period 7 March - 6 September 2016. The changes following FCA CP14/31 will enter into force on 7 March 2016 (in line with the other provisions related to the accountability regime).
Reform of the legacy Credit Unions sourcebook – PS4/16