Historical data on the Bank of England's balance sheet currently consists of two spreadsheets. The first contains annual data on the Bank’s assets and liabilities between 1696 and 2014. This spreadsheet was originally published in February 2015 following the launch of the One Bank Research Agenda. The annual spreadsheet gives a broad overview of changes in the size of the overall balance sheet and its components over almost three and a quarter centuries. A chart showing the balance sheet scaled by the level of nominal GDP back to 1700 is also included.
Annual data on the Bank of England's balance sheet 1696-2014
The second spreadsheet is a higher frequency dataset that contains weekly data on the assets and liabilities of the Banking and Issue Departments of the Bank of England between September 1844 and May 2006. It also contains a number of supplementary sheets that reveal more detail on some of the factors underlying movements in the Bank's balance sheet. The weekly balance sheets allow higher frequency analysis of the movements in the assets and liabilities of the Bank which is important when looking at historical financial crises which may be concentrated in a particular week or month. The spreadsheet can be used in conjunction with the Bank's digitised daily books which provide even more detail on the Bank's balance sheet on a daily basis (see Related Links).
The spreadsheets are intended to be a research resource for students of the UK's financial and economic history. The Bank itself will also be using this data for future research purposes. We also hope to add earlier high frequency data on the balance sheet at some point in the future.