Court’s responsibilities are set out in the Bank of England Act 1998 (the 1998 Act). Court’s responsibilities include determining the Bank’s objectives and strategy, and ensuring the effective discharge of the Bank’s functions and the most efficient use of its resources. Court also keeps under review the Bank’s performance in relation to its objectives and the exercise of the Bank’s statutory functions. Court delegates to the Governor the day-to-day management of the Bank, including the discharge of statutory functions, while reserving certain key decisions to itself.
The EDMC is being created by Court to help the Bank discharge its responsibilities and strengthen its enforcement processes by ensuring a functional separation between the Bank’s investigation teams and the Bank’s decision makers in contested enforcement cases within the following statutory regimes operated by the Bank: (1) Prudential Regulation; (2) Financial Market Infrastructure (FMI); and (3) Resolution. References to the Bank include references to the separate regimes operated by the Bank unless otherwise stated. The EDMC will also act in Scottish and Northern Ireland banknote regime enforcement cases, pursuant to the Scottish and Northern Ireland Banknote Statement of Penalty Policy in effect from time to time and with such remit and scope as may be provided for in that policy.
The EDMC acts for and with the full authority of the PRC and also reports to the PRC in matters related to the PRA within its remit.
Readers may wish to refer to the Bank’s Policy Statement ‘Enforcement Decision Making Committee’ and accompanying final policy which followed a consultation paper.