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Date Monthly average amount outstanding of total sterling notes and coin in circulation, excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[a] [b] [c] [d]
LPMAVAB
Monthly changes of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[c] [d]
LPMAVAG
Monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[a]
LPMBL22
Monthly changes in monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL23
Monthly 1 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL24
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[e]
LPMBL25
Monthly 12 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL27
Monthly 1 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c]
LPMVQUT
Monthly 12 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c]
LPMVQUU
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[f]
LPMVQUV
31 Jan 08 48888 397 23779 -90 -0.4 20.3 26.7 0.8 6.3 5.3
29 Feb 08 49223 334 22801 -978 -4.1 -7.6 29 0.7 6.6 7.5
31 Mar 08 49556 333 25688 2888 12.7 34.2 45.2 0.7 6.7 9.1
30 Apr 08 49657 101 26647 958 3.7 57.7 46.8 0.2 6.6 6.4
31 May 08 49815 158 27511 864 3.2 112 56.8 0.3 6 4.9
30 Jun 08 50029 214 28319 808 2.9 47.7 57.9 0.4 5.7 3.9
31 Jul 08 50188 159 27942 -377 -1.3 20.9 25.4 0.3 5.8 4.3
31 Aug 08 50195 6 28696 754 2.7 18.4 56.5 0 5.1 3.1
30 Sep 08 50611 416 36309 7613 26.5 170.2 47.2 0.8 5.2 4.7
31 Oct 08 51131 521 48367 12058 33.2 797.8 113 1 6 7.7
30 Nov 08 51607 476 45621 -2746 -5.7 538.8 96.2 0.9 6.8 11.7
31 Dec 08 51936 329 43098 -2523 -5.5 98.5 80.6 0.6 7.1 10.9
31 Jan 09 52874 332 40425 -2673 -6.2 -51.2 70 0.6 6.9 9.2
28 Feb 09 53271 397 39467 -959 -2.4 -44 73.1 0.8 7 8.4
31 Mar 09 53657 387 40758 1292 3.3 -20 58.7 0.7 7 8.8
30 Apr 09 53933 276 71314 30555 75 868.5 167.6 0.5 7.4 8.3
31 May 09 54027 94 98689 27375 38.4 3809.8 258.7 0.2 7.2 5.8
30 Jun 09 54106 79 125383 26695 27 8855.5 342.8 0.1 6.9 3.4
31 Jul 09 54270 164 152083 26700 21.3 1968.4 444.3 0.3 6.9 2.5
31 Aug 09 54375 105 142932 -9152 -6 340 398.1 0.2 7.1 2.6
30 Sep 09 54801 426 137382 -5550 -3.9 44.1 278.4 0.8 7 5.2
31 Oct 09 55044 244 143626 6244 4.5 -20.5 196.9 0.4 6.4 5.8
30 Nov 09 55175 181 148830 5205 3.6 17.6 226.2 0.3 5.8 6.4
31 Dec 09 55762 708 145830 -3000 -2 27 238.4 1.3 6.5 8.5
31 Jan 10 56118 355 153796 7965 5.5 31.5 280.4 0.6 6.5 9.4
28 Feb 10 56262 144 156405 2609 1.7 22 296.3 0.3 5.9 9.1
31 Mar 10 56564 302 152275 -4130 -2.6 18.9 273.6 0.5 5.7 5.9
30 Apr 10 56840 275 151883 -392 -0.3 -4.9 113 0.5 5.7 5.2
31 May 10 57061 221 150950 -933 -0.6 -13.2 53 0.4 5.9 5.8
30 Jun 10 57272 211 149737 -1214 -0.8 -6.5 19.4 0.4 6.2 5.1
31 Jul 10 56832 -440 150051 314 0.2 -4.7 -1.3 -0.8 5 -0.1
31 Aug 10 57035 203 150370 319 0.2 -1.5 5.2 0.4 5.2 -0.2
30 Sep 10 57233 198 144380 -5990 -4 -13.6 5.1 0.3 4.8 -0.3
31 Oct 10 57358 125 143153 -1226 -0.8 -17.2 -0.3 0.2 4.5 3.8
30 Nov 10 57469 111 143494 340 0.2 -17.1 -3.6 0.2 4.4 3.1
31 Dec 10 57918 449 139953 -3540 -2.5 -11.7 -4 0.8 3.9 4.9
31 Jan 11 58190 272 139245 -708 -0.5 -10.5 -9.5 0.5 3.7 5.9
28 Feb 11 58371 181 138500 -746 -0.5 -13.2 -11.4 0.3 3.7 6.4
31 Mar 11 58559 188 135420 -3080 -2.2 -12.3 -11.1 0.3 3.5 4.5
30 Apr 11 58902 343 132537 -2883 -2.1 -17.9 -12.7 0.6 3.6 5
31 May 11 59290 388 131523 -1014 -0.8 -18.7 -12.9 0.7 3.9 6.4
30 Jun 11 59598 308 128903 -2620 -2 -17.9 -13.9 0.5 4.1 7.3
31 Jul 11 59844 246 127196 -1708 -1.3 -15.2 -15.2 0.4 5.3 6.6
31 Aug 11 60078 234 127632 437 0.3 -11.3 -15.1 0.4 5.3 5.4
30 Sep 11 60349 271 124730 -2902 -2.3 -12.3 -13.6 0.5 5.4 5.1
31 Oct 11 60840 491 131759 7029 5.6 15.1 -8 0.8 6.1 6.8
30 Nov 11 61017 177 151509 19750 15 98.6 5.6 0.3 6.2 6.4
31 Dec 11 61157 140 163905 12397 8.2 198.2 17.1 0.2 5.6 5.5
31 Jan 12 61250 93 173512 9607 5.9 200.7 24.6 0.2 5.3 2.7
29 Feb 12 61575 325 189319 15807 9.1 143.8 36.7 0.5 5.5 3.7
31 Mar 12 61818 243 202273 12954 6.8 131.9 49.4 0.4 5.6 4.4
30 Apr 12 61843 24 218099 15826 7.8 149.6 64.6 0 5 3.9
31 May 12 62195 353 230390 12291 5.6 119.3 75.2 0.6 4.9 4.1
30 Jun 12 62515 320 228207 -2183 -0.9 62 77 0.5 4.9 4.6
31 Jul 12 62780 264 235349 7142 3.1 35.6 85 0.4 4.9 6.2
31 Aug 12 63154 374 251655 16306 6.9 42.4 97.2 0.6 5.1 6.3
30 Sep 12 63247 93 262294 10638 4.2 74.5 110.3 0.1 4.8 4.8
31 Oct 12 63427 180 274873 12579 4.8 86.1 108.6 0.3 4.3 4.2
30 Nov 12 63558 131 281259 6387 2.3 56 85.6 0.2 4.2 2.6
31 Dec 12 63772 215 275684 -5575 -2 22 68.2 0.3 4.3 3.4
31 Jan 13 64012 240 274377 -1307 -0.5 -0.7 58.1 0.4 4.5 3.7
28 Feb 13 64358 346 277302 2925 1.1 -5.5 46.5 0.5 4.5 5.1
31 Mar 13 64762 404 278693 1391 0.5 4.4 37.8 0.6 4.8 6.4
30 Apr 13 65034 272 285130 6436 2.3 16.6 30.7 0.4 5.2 6.5
31 May 13 65328 294 288784 3654 1.3 17.6 25.3 0.5 5 6.2
30 Jun 13 65548 220 289740 956 0.3 16.8 27 0.3 4.9 4.9
31 Jul 13 65768 220 293575 3836 1.3 12.4 24.7 0.3 4.8 4.6
31 Aug 13 65980 212 296482 2907 1 11.1 17.8 0.3 4.5 4.1
30 Sep 13 66138 158 295104 -1378 -0.5 7.6 12.5 0.2 4.6 3.7
31 Oct 13 66255 117 299561 4457 1.5 8.4 9 0.2 4.5 3
30 Nov 13 66479 224 302225 2664 0.9 8 7.5 0.3 4.6 3.1
31 Dec 13 66730 251 298828 -3397 -1.1 5.1 8.4 0.4 4.6 3.6
31 Jan 14 66807 77 300032 1205 0.4 0.6 9.4 0.1 4.4 3.4
28 Feb 14 66975 168 304469 4437 1.5 3 9.8 0.3 4.1 3
31 Mar 14 67176 201 300341 -4128 -1.4 2 7.8 0.3 3.7 2.7
30 Apr 14 67491 316 301449 1108 0.4 1.9 5.7 0.5 3.8 4.2
31 May 14 67792 301 304891 3442 1.1 0.6 5.6 0.4 3.8 5
30 Jun 14 67907 115 304105 -787 -0.3 5.1 5 0.2 3.6 4.4
31 Jul 14 68141 233 303621 -484 -0.2 2.9 3.4 0.3 3.6 3.9
31 Aug 14 68497 357 303570 -51 0 -1.7 2.4 0.5 3.8 4.2
30 Sep 14 68898 400 292432 -11138 -3.7 -14.5 -0.9 0.6 4.2 6
31 Oct 14 69415 517 299984 7552 2.6 -4.7 0.1 0.8 4.8 7.7
30 Nov 14 69891 477 304391 4408 1.5 1.1 0.7 0.7 5.1 8.4
31 Dec 14 70293 402 300587 -3804 -1.2 11.6 0.6 0.6 5.3 8.4
31 Jan 15 70663 370 303573 2986 1 4.9 1.2 0.5 5.8 7.4
28 Feb 15 71059 396 306701 3128 1 3.1 0.7 0.6 6.1 6.9
31 Mar 15 71504 445 305112 -1589 -0.5 6.2 1.6 0.6 6.4 7.1
30 Apr 15 71599 95 308012 2900 1 6 2.2 0.1 6.1 5.4
31 May 15 71933 334 315381 7369 2.4 11.8 3.4 0.5 6.1 5
30 Jun 15 72236 303 315525 143 0 14.4 3.8 0.4 6.4 4.2
31 Jul 15 72475 239 316355 830 0.3 11.3 4.2 0.3 6.4 5
31 Aug 15 72808 334 317491 1136 0.4 2.7 4.6 0.5 6.3 5
30 Sep 15 72989 181 308627 -8864 -2.8 -8.5 5.5 0.2 5.9 4.2
31 Oct 15 73416 427 315244 6617 2.1 -1.4 5.1 0.6 5.8 5.3
30 Nov 15 73858 442 315332 88 0 -2.7 3.6 0.6 5.7 5.9
31 Dec 15 74042 184 305858 -9474 -3 -3.5 1.8 0.2 5.3 5.9
31 Jan 16 74432 390 313494 7636 2.5 -2.2 3.3 0.5 5.3 5.7
29 Feb 16 75244 812 315819 2325 0.7 0.6 3 1.1 5.9 7.7
31 Mar 16 76047 802 314101 -1718 -0.5 11.2 2.9 1.1 6.4 11.3
30 Apr 16 76528 481 318432 4331 1.4 6.5 3.4 0.6 6.9 11.7
31 May 16 77064 537 317832 -600 -0.2 2.6 0.8 0.7 7.1 10
30 Jun 16 77686 622 316133 -1699 -0.5 2.6 0.2 0.8 7.5 8.9
31 Jul 16 78415 729 318926 2793 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.9 8.2 10.2
31 Aug 16 78953 538 325692 6767 2.1 10.3 2.6 0.7 8.4 10.2
30 Sep 16 79426 473 320935 -4758 -1.5 6.2 4 0.6 8.8 9.3
31 Oct 16 79893 467 336625 15690 4.9 24.1 6.8 0.6 8.8 7.8
30 Nov 16 80346 452 352619 15994 4.8 37.4 11.8 0.6 8.8 7.2
31 Dec 16 80779 434 367544 14924 4.2 72 20.2 0.5 9.1 7
31 Jan 17 81205 425 380671 13128 3.6 63.5 21.4 0.5 9.1 6.7
28 Feb 17 81522 317 399476 18805 4.9 64.7 26.5 0.4 8.3 6
31 Mar 17 81756 234 415059 15583 3.9 62.6 32.1 0.3 7.5 4.9
30 Apr 17 82013 257 431208 16149 3.9 64.6 35.4 0.3 7.2 4
31 May 17 82155 142 437395 6187 1.4 43.7 37.6 0.2 6.6 3.1
30 Jun 17 82145 -9 439982 2587 0.6 26.3 39.2 0 5.7 1.9
31 Jul 17 82122 -23 446961 6979 1.6 15.4 40.1 0 4.7 0.5
31 Aug 17 82078 -44 447672 711 0.2 9.7 37.5 -0.1 4 -0.4
30 Sep 17 82105 26 441318 -6355 -1.4 1.2 37.5 0 3.4 -0.2
31 Oct 17 82134 29 456269 14951 3.4 8.6 35.5 0 2.8 0.1
30 Nov 17 82071 -63 457683 1414 0.3 9.2 29.8 -0.1 2.1 0
31 Dec 17 81947 -124 461471 3788 0.8 19.6 25.6 -0.2 1.4 -0.8
31 Jan 18 81822 -125 469224 7753 1.7 11.9 23.3 -0.2 0.8 -1.5
28 Feb 18 81642 -180 481382 12158 2.6 22.4 20.5 -0.2 0.1 -2.1
31 Mar 18 81435 -206 477273 -4109 -0.9 14.4 15 -0.3 -0.4 -2.5
30 Apr 18 81486 51 491975 14702 3.1 20.9 14.1 0.1 -0.6 -1.6
31 May 18 81558 72 493439 1464 0.3 10.4 12.8 0.1 -0.7 -0.4
30 Jun 18 81619 61 488956 -4483 -0.9 10.2 11.1 0.1 -0.6 0.9
31 Jul 18 81687 68 487315 -1641 -0.3 -3.7 9 0.1 -0.5 1
31 Aug 18 81694 7 489717 2402 0.5 -3 9.4 0 -0.5 0.7
30 Sep 18 81801 107 488734 -983 -0.2 -0.2 10.7 0.1 -0.4 0.9
31 Oct 18 81811 10 491451 2717 0.6 3.4 7.7 0 -0.4 0.6
30 Nov 18 81953 142 489496 -1955 -0.4 -0.2 7 0.2 -0.1 1.3
31 Dec 18 82131 178 485767 -3729 -0.8 -2.4 5.3 0.2 0.2 1.6
31 Jan 19 82320 189 487824 2057 0.4 -2.9 4 0.2 0.6 2.5
28 Feb 19 82553 233 490517 2693 0.6 0.8 1.9 0.3 1.1 3
31 Mar 19 82625 72 475034 -15483 -3.2 -8.5 -0.5 0.1 1.5 2.4
30 Apr 19 82507 -118 488981 13947 2.9 1 -0.6 -0.1 1.3 0.9
31 May 19 82638 131 492419 3438 0.7 1.6 -0.2 0.2 1.3 0.4
30 Jun 19 82754 116 489726 -2694 -0.5 13 0.2 0.1 1.4 0.6
31 Jul 19 82790 36 486224 -3501 -0.7 -2.2 -0.2 0 1.4 1.4
31 Aug 19 82902 112 484818 -1406 -0.3 -6 -1 0.1 1.5 1.3
30 Sep 19 82916 14 471211 -13607 -2.8 -14.3 -3.6 0 1.4 0.8
31 Oct 19 82969 53 483996 12785 2.7 -1.8 -1.5 0.1 1.4 0.9
30 Nov 19 82811 -158 484980 984 0.2 0.1 -0.9 -0.2 1 -0.4
31 Dec 19 82621 -190 478817 -6162 -1.3 6.6 -1.4 -0.2 0.6 -1.4
31 Jan 20 82762 141 474470 -4347 -0.9 -7.6 -2.7 0.2 0.5 -1
29 Feb 20 82740 -22 475990 1520 0.3 -7.2 -3 0 0.2 -0.3
31 Mar 20 82838 98 469036 -6954 -1.5 -7.9 -1.3 0.1 0.3 1.1

Change date range from: to:

Notes:

[a] Average of amounts outstanding at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month.

[b] From November 2009 notes and coin in circulation represents all holdings outside the Bank of England (including those in banks' and building societies' tills), but excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland. The effects of the change in definition have been removed from the flows (changes) data. For details, see the October 2009 article in Monetary & Financial Statistics at http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/documents/ms/articles/art1oct09.pdf.

[c] The seasonal adjustment of this series is under review due to changes in patterns of trading day and holiday effects, particularly from 2013 onwards.

[d] Changes to the method of seasonal adjustment took effect from the publication of July 2019 data. For further details, see: https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/details/further-details-about-notes-and-coin-and-reserves-balances-data. (31 Jan 2009 onward)

[e] Growth rates for reserve balances are shown for the series which is an average of the balances at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month - LPMBL22.

[f] A change in the reporting of notes and coin in relation to the days of the week on which Bank Holidays fall is affecting the pattern of trading day factors. This is impacting on the quality of the seasonal adjustment of these series, which will therefore be kept under review.