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Date Monthly average amount outstanding of total sterling notes and coin in circulation, excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[a] [b] [c] [d]
LPMAVAB
Monthly changes of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[c] [d]
LPMAVAG
Monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[a]
LPMBL22
Monthly changes in monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL23
Monthly 1 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL24
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[e]
LPMBL25
Monthly 12 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL27
Monthly 1 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c]
LPMVQUT
Monthly 12 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c]
LPMVQUU
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[f]
LPMVQUV
31 Jan 08 48888 397 23779 -90 -0.4 20.3 26.7 0.8 6.3 5.3
29 Feb 08 49223 334 22801 -978 -4.1 -7.6 29 0.7 6.6 7.5
31 Mar 08 49556 333 25688 2888 12.7 34.2 45.2 0.7 6.7 9.1
30 Apr 08 49657 101 26647 958 3.7 57.7 46.8 0.2 6.6 6.4
31 May 08 49815 158 27511 864 3.2 112 56.8 0.3 6 4.9
30 Jun 08 50029 214 28319 808 2.9 47.7 57.9 0.4 5.7 3.9
31 Jul 08 50188 159 27942 -377 -1.3 20.9 25.4 0.3 5.8 4.3
31 Aug 08 50195 6 28696 754 2.7 18.4 56.5 0 5.1 3.1
30 Sep 08 50611 416 36309 7613 26.5 170.2 47.2 0.8 5.2 4.7
31 Oct 08 51131 521 48367 12058 33.2 797.8 113 1 6 7.7
30 Nov 08 51607 476 45621 -2746 -5.7 538.8 96.2 0.9 6.8 11.7
31 Dec 08 51936 329 43098 -2523 -5.5 98.5 80.6 0.6 7.1 10.9
31 Jan 09 52871 332 40425 -2673 -6.2 -51.2 70 0.6 6.9 9.2
28 Feb 09 53265 393 39467 -959 -2.4 -44 73.1 0.7 7 8.4
31 Mar 09 53649 384 40758 1292 3.3 -20 58.7 0.7 7 8.8
30 Apr 09 53933 284 71314 30555 75 868.5 167.6 0.5 7.4 8.3
31 May 09 54025 92 98689 27375 38.4 3809.8 258.7 0.2 7.2 5.8
30 Jun 09 54101 75 125383 26695 27 8855.5 342.8 0.1 6.9 3.4
31 Jul 09 54264 163 152083 26700 21.3 1968.4 444.3 0.3 6.9 2.5
31 Aug 09 54378 114 142932 -9152 -6 340 398.1 0.2 7.1 2.6
30 Sep 09 54797 419 137382 -5550 -3.9 44.1 278.4 0.8 7 5.2
31 Oct 09 55047 250 143626 6244 4.5 -20.5 196.9 0.5 6.4 5.9
30 Nov 09 55181 185 148830 5205 3.6 17.6 226.2 0.3 5.8 6.4
31 Dec 09 55756 696 145830 -3000 -2 27 238.4 1.3 6.5 8.5
31 Jan 10 56095 339 153796 7965 5.5 31.5 280.4 0.6 6.4 9.2
28 Feb 10 56255 161 156405 2609 1.7 22 296.3 0.3 5.9 9
31 Mar 10 56562 307 152275 -4130 -2.6 18.9 273.6 0.5 5.8 5.9
30 Apr 10 56835 273 151883 -392 -0.3 -4.9 113 0.5 5.7 5.4
31 May 10 57053 218 150950 -933 -0.6 -13.2 53 0.4 5.9 5.8
30 Jun 10 57272 220 149737 -1214 -0.8 -6.5 19.4 0.4 6.2 5.1
31 Jul 10 56827 -446 150051 314 0.2 -4.7 -1.3 -0.8 5 -0.1
31 Aug 10 57039 213 150370 319 0.2 -1.5 5.2 0.4 5.2 -0.1
30 Sep 10 57229 190 144380 -5990 -4 -13.6 5.1 0.3 4.8 -0.3
31 Oct 10 57363 134 143153 -1226 -0.8 -17.2 -0.3 0.2 4.5 3.8
30 Nov 10 57477 114 143494 340 0.2 -17.1 -3.6 0.2 4.4 3.1
31 Dec 10 57915 439 139953 -3540 -2.5 -11.7 -4 0.8 3.9 4.9
31 Jan 11 58152 237 139245 -708 -0.5 -10.5 -9.5 0.4 3.7 5.6
28 Feb 11 58364 212 138500 -746 -0.5 -13.2 -11.4 0.4 3.7 6.3
31 Mar 11 58549 184 135420 -3080 -2.2 -12.3 -11.1 0.3 3.5 4.4
30 Apr 11 58908 359 132537 -2883 -2.1 -17.9 -12.7 0.6 3.6 5.3
31 May 11 59287 379 131523 -1014 -0.8 -18.7 -12.9 0.6 3.9 6.5
30 Jun 11 59594 307 128903 -2620 -2 -17.9 -13.9 0.5 4.1 7.3
31 Jul 11 59841 247 127196 -1708 -1.3 -15.2 -15.2 0.4 5.3 6.5
31 Aug 11 60083 243 127632 437 0.3 -11.3 -15.1 0.4 5.3 5.5
30 Sep 11 60346 263 124730 -2902 -2.3 -12.3 -13.6 0.4 5.4 5.2
31 Oct 11 60850 504 131759 7029 5.6 15.1 -8 0.8 6.1 6.9
30 Nov 11 61021 171 151509 19750 15 98.6 5.6 0.3 6.2 6.4
31 Dec 11 61159 138 163905 12397 8.2 198.2 17.1 0.2 5.6 5.5
31 Jan 12 61180 21 173512 9607 5.9 200.7 24.6 0 5.2 2.2
29 Feb 12 61572 392 189319 15807 9.1 143.8 36.7 0.6 5.5 3.7
31 Mar 12 61798 227 202273 12954 6.8 131.9 49.4 0.4 5.6 4.2
30 Apr 12 61853 54 218099 15826 7.8 149.6 64.6 0.1 5 4.5
31 May 12 62204 351 230390 12291 5.6 119.3 75.2 0.6 4.9 4.2
30 Jun 12 62512 308 228207 -2183 -0.9 62 77 0.5 4.9 4.7
31 Jul 12 62778 266 235349 7142 3.1 35.6 85 0.4 4.9 6.1
31 Aug 12 63161 383 251655 16306 6.9 42.4 97.2 0.6 5.1 6.3
30 Sep 12 63248 87 262294 10638 4.2 74.5 110.3 0.1 4.8 4.8
31 Oct 12 63438 190 274873 12579 4.8 86.1 108.6 0.3 4.3 4.3
30 Nov 12 63554 116 281259 6387 2.3 56 85.6 0.2 4.2 2.5
31 Dec 12 63774 220 275684 -5575 -2 22 68.2 0.3 4.3 3.4
31 Jan 13 63899 124 274377 -1307 -0.5 -0.7 58.1 0.2 4.4 2.9
28 Feb 13 64360 462 277302 2925 1.1 -5.5 46.5 0.7 4.5 5.2
31 Mar 13 64727 367 278693 1391 0.5 4.4 37.8 0.6 4.7 6.1
30 Apr 13 65035 308 285130 6436 2.3 16.6 30.7 0.5 5.1 7.3
31 May 13 65340 304 288784 3654 1.3 17.6 25.3 0.5 5 6.2
30 Jun 13 65547 207 289740 956 0.3 16.8 27 0.3 4.9 5.2
31 Jul 13 65768 221 293575 3836 1.3 12.4 24.7 0.3 4.8 4.6
31 Aug 13 65987 219 296482 2907 1 11.1 17.8 0.3 4.5 4
30 Sep 13 66141 153 295104 -1378 -0.5 7.6 12.5 0.2 4.6 3.7
31 Oct 13 66266 125 299561 4457 1.5 8.4 9 0.2 4.5 3.1
30 Nov 13 66504 238 302225 2664 0.9 8 7.5 0.4 4.6 3.2
31 Dec 13 66745 241 298828 -3397 -1.1 5.1 8.4 0.4 4.7 3.7
31 Jan 14 66826 81 300032 1205 0.4 0.6 9.4 0.1 4.6 3.4
28 Feb 14 66984 159 304469 4437 1.5 3 9.8 0.2 4.1 2.9
31 Mar 14 67092 108 300341 -4128 -1.4 2 7.8 0.2 3.7 2.1
30 Apr 14 67503 410 301449 1108 0.4 1.9 5.7 0.6 3.8 4.1
31 May 14 67812 309 304891 3442 1.1 0.6 5.6 0.5 3.8 5
30 Jun 14 67914 102 304105 -787 -0.3 5.1 5 0.2 3.6 5
31 Jul 14 68142 229 303621 -484 -0.2 2.9 3.4 0.3 3.6 3.8
31 Aug 14 68502 360 303570 -51 0 -1.7 2.4 0.5 3.8 4.1
30 Sep 14 68905 403 292432 -11138 -3.7 -14.5 -0.9 0.6 4.2 6
31 Oct 14 69422 518 299984 7552 2.6 -4.7 0.1 0.8 4.8 7.7
30 Nov 14 69904 482 304391 4408 1.5 1.1 0.7 0.7 5.1 8.4
31 Dec 14 70303 399 300587 -3804 -1.2 11.6 0.6 0.6 5.3 8.4
31 Jan 15 70655 352 303573 2986 1 4.9 1.2 0.5 5.7 7.3
28 Feb 15 71072 417 306701 3128 1 3.1 0.7 0.6 6.1 6.9
31 Mar 15 71380 308 305112 -1589 -0.5 6.2 1.6 0.4 6.4 6.3
30 Apr 15 71613 232 308012 2900 1 6 2.2 0.3 6.1 5.5
31 May 15 71957 344 315381 7369 2.4 11.8 3.4 0.5 6.1 5.1
30 Jun 15 72242 286 315525 143 0 14.4 3.8 0.4 6.4 4.9
31 Jul 15 72479 236 316355 830 0.3 11.3 4.2 0.3 6.4 4.9
31 Aug 15 72813 334 317491 1136 0.4 2.7 4.6 0.5 6.3 4.8
30 Sep 15 72996 184 308627 -8864 -2.8 -8.5 5.5 0.3 5.9 4.2
31 Oct 15 73422 425 315244 6617 2.1 -1.4 5.1 0.6 5.8 5.3
30 Nov 15 73860 438 315332 88 0 -2.7 3.6 0.6 5.7 5.9
31 Dec 15 74046 186 305858 -9474 -3 -3.5 1.8 0.3 5.3 5.9
31 Jan 16 74429 383 313494 7636 2.5 -2.2 3.3 0.5 5.3 5.6
29 Feb 16 75254 825 315819 2325 0.7 0.6 3 1.1 5.9 7.8
31 Mar 16 75900 646 314101 -1718 -0.5 11.2 2.9 0.9 6.3 10.4
30 Apr 16 76543 643 318432 4331 1.4 6.5 3.4 0.8 6.9 11.9
31 May 16 77085 542 317832 -600 -0.2 2.6 0.8 0.7 7.1 10.1
30 Jun 16 77691 606 316133 -1699 -0.5 2.6 0.2 0.8 7.5 9.8
31 Jul 16 78420 729 318926 2793 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.9 8.2 10.2
31 Aug 16 78958 538 325692 6767 2.1 10.3 2.6 0.7 8.4 10.1
30 Sep 16 79439 480 320935 -4758 -1.5 6.2 4 0.6 8.8 9.3
31 Oct 16 79897 458 336625 15690 4.9 24.1 6.8 0.6 8.8 7.7
30 Nov 16 80347 450 352619 15994 4.8 37.4 11.8 0.6 8.8 7.2
31 Dec 16 80781 434 367544 14924 4.2 72 20.2 0.5 9.1 6.9
31 Jan 17 81198 418 380671 13128 3.6 63.5 21.4 0.5 9.1 6.7
28 Feb 17 81515 316 399476 18805 4.9 64.7 26.5 0.4 8.3 5.9
31 Mar 17 81612 97 415059 15583 3.9 62.6 32.1 0.1 7.5 4.2
30 Apr 17 82031 419 431208 16149 3.9 64.6 35.4 0.5 7.2 4.2
31 May 17 82160 128 437395 6187 1.4 43.7 37.6 0.2 6.6 3.2
30 Jun 17 82150 -10 439982 2587 0.6 26.3 39.2 0 5.7 2.7
31 Jul 17 82130 -20 446961 6979 1.6 15.4 40.1 0 4.7 0.5
31 Aug 17 82091 -39 447672 711 0.2 9.7 37.5 0 4 -0.3
30 Sep 17 82129 39 441318 -6355 -1.4 1.2 37.5 0 3.4 -0.1
31 Oct 17 82137 8 456269 14951 3.4 8.6 35.5 0 2.8 0
30 Nov 17 82072 -65 457683 1414 0.3 9.2 29.8 -0.1 2.1 -0.1
31 Dec 17 81922 -150 461471 3788 0.8 19.6 25.6 -0.2 1.4 -1
31 Jan 18 81785 -137 469224 7753 1.7 11.9 23.3 -0.2 0.7 -1.7
28 Feb 18 81590 -195 481382 12158 2.6 22.4 20.5 -0.2 0.1 -2.3
31 Mar 18 81323 -267 477273 -4109 -0.9 14.4 15 -0.3 -0.4 -2.9
30 Apr 18 81498 176 491975 14702 3.1 20.9 14.1 0.2 -0.6 -1.4
31 May 18 81549 50 493439 1464 0.3 10.4 12.8 0.1 -0.7 -0.2
30 Jun 18 81629 81 488956 -4483 -0.9 10.2 11.1 0.1 -0.6 1.5
31 Jul 18 81700 70 487315 -1641 -0.3 -3.7 9 0.1 -0.5 1
31 Aug 18 81714 14 489717 2402 0.5 -3 9.4 0 -0.5 0.8
30 Sep 18 81845 131 488734 -983 -0.2 -0.2 10.7 0.2 -0.3 1.1
31 Oct 18 81824 -22 491451 2717 0.6 3.4 7.7 0 -0.4 0.6
30 Nov 18 81968 144 489496 -1955 -0.4 -0.2 7 0.2 -0.1 1.2
31 Dec 18 82081 113 485767 -3729 -0.8 -2.4 5.3 0.1 0.2 1.2
31 Jan 19 82290 208 487824 2057 0.4 -2.9 4 0.3 0.6 2.3
28 Feb 19 82438 149 490517 2693 0.6 0.8 1.9 0.2 1 2.3
31 Mar 19 82507 69 475034 -15483 -3.2 -8.5 -0.5 0.1 1.5 2.1
30 Apr 19 82540 33 488981 13947 2.9 1 -0.6 0 1.3 1.2
31 May 19 82633 94 492419 3438 0.7 1.6 -0.2 0.1 1.3 0.9
30 Jun 19 82761 128 489726 -2694 -0.5 13 0.2 0.2 1.4 1.2
31 Jul 19 82816 55 486224 -3501 -0.7 -2.2 -0.2 0.1 1.4 1.3
31 Aug 19 82941 125 484818 -1406 -0.3 -6 -1 0.2 1.5 1.5
30 Sep 19 82975 33 471211 -13607 -2.8 -14.3 -3.6 0 1.4 1
31 Oct 19 83001 26 483996 12785 2.7 -1.8 -1.5 0 1.4 0.9
30 Nov 19 82893 -108 484980 984 0.2 0.1 -0.9 -0.1 1.1 -0.2

Change date range from: to:

Notes:

[a] Average of amounts outstanding at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month.

[b] From November 2009 notes and coin in circulation represents all holdings outside the Bank of England (including those in banks' and building societies' tills), but excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland. The effects of the change in definition have been removed from the flows (changes) data. For details, see the October 2009 article in Monetary & Financial Statistics at http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/documents/ms/articles/art1oct09.pdf.

[c] The seasonal adjustment of this series is under review due to changes in patterns of trading day and holiday effects, particularly from 2013 onwards.

[d] Changes to the method of seasonal adjustment took effect from the publication of July 2019 data. For further details, see: https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/details/further-details-about-notes-and-coin-and-reserves-balances-data. (31 Jan 2009 onward)

[e] Growth rates for reserve balances are shown for the series which is an average of the balances at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month - LPMBL22.

[f] A change in the reporting of notes and coin in relation to the days of the week on which Bank Holidays fall is affecting the pattern of trading day factors. This is impacting on the quality of the seasonal adjustment of these series, which will therefore be kept under review.