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Date Monthly average amount outstanding of total sterling notes and coin in circulation, excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[a] [b] [c] [d]
LPMAVAB
Monthly changes of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[c] [d]
LPMAVAG
Monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[a]
LPMBL22
Monthly changes in monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL23
Monthly 1 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL24
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[e]
LPMBL25
Monthly 12 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL27
Monthly 1 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c]
LPMVQUT
Monthly 12 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c]
LPMVQUU
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[f]
LPMVQUV
31 Jan 08 48888 397 23779 -90 -0.4 20.3 26.7 0.8 6.3 5.3
29 Feb 08 49223 334 22801 -978 -4.1 -7.6 29 0.7 6.6 7.5
31 Mar 08 49556 333 25688 2888 12.7 34.2 45.2 0.7 6.7 9.1
30 Apr 08 49657 101 26647 958 3.7 57.7 46.8 0.2 6.6 6.4
31 May 08 49815 158 27511 864 3.2 112 56.8 0.3 6 4.9
30 Jun 08 50029 214 28319 808 2.9 47.7 57.9 0.4 5.7 3.9
31 Jul 08 50188 159 27942 -377 -1.3 20.9 25.4 0.3 5.8 4.3
31 Aug 08 50195 6 28696 754 2.7 18.4 56.5 0 5.1 3.1
30 Sep 08 50611 416 36309 7613 26.5 170.2 47.2 0.8 5.2 4.7
31 Oct 08 51131 521 48367 12058 33.2 797.8 113 1 6 7.7
30 Nov 08 51607 476 45621 -2746 -5.7 538.8 96.2 0.9 6.8 11.7
31 Dec 08 51936 329 43098 -2523 -5.5 98.5 80.6 0.6 7.1 10.9
31 Jan 09 52875 331 40425 -2673 -6.2 -51.2 70 0.6 6.9 9.2
28 Feb 09 53271 396 39467 -959 -2.4 -44 73.1 0.7 7 8.4
31 Mar 09 53658 387 40758 1292 3.3 -20 58.7 0.7 7 8.8
30 Apr 09 53933 275 71314 30555 75 868.5 167.6 0.5 7.4 8.2
31 May 09 54025 92 98689 27375 38.4 3809.8 258.7 0.2 7.2 5.8
30 Jun 09 54107 82 125383 26695 27 8855.5 342.8 0.2 6.9 3.4
31 Jul 09 54269 162 152083 26700 21.3 1968.4 444.3 0.3 6.9 2.5
31 Aug 09 54375 107 142932 -9152 -6 340 398.1 0.2 7.1 2.6
30 Sep 09 54800 425 137382 -5550 -3.9 44.1 278.4 0.8 7 5.2
31 Oct 09 55040 240 143626 6244 4.5 -20.5 196.9 0.4 6.4 5.8
30 Nov 09 55184 194 148830 5205 3.6 17.6 226.2 0.4 5.8 6.5
31 Dec 09 55760 698 145830 -3000 -2 27 238.4 1.3 6.5 8.5
31 Jan 10 56115 355 153796 7965 5.5 31.5 280.4 0.6 6.5 9.4
28 Feb 10 56262 147 156405 2609 1.7 22 296.3 0.3 5.9 9
31 Mar 10 56564 302 152275 -4130 -2.6 18.9 273.6 0.5 5.7 5.9
30 Apr 10 56841 277 151883 -392 -0.3 -4.9 113 0.5 5.7 5.3
31 May 10 57060 219 150950 -933 -0.6 -13.2 53 0.4 5.9 5.8
30 Jun 10 57273 213 149737 -1214 -0.8 -6.5 19.4 0.4 6.2 5.1
31 Jul 10 56831 -441 150051 314 0.2 -4.7 -1.3 -0.8 5 -0.1
31 Aug 10 57035 203 150370 319 0.2 -1.5 5.2 0.4 5.2 -0.2
30 Sep 10 57232 198 144380 -5990 -4 -13.6 5.1 0.3 4.8 -0.3
31 Oct 10 57353 121 143153 -1226 -0.8 -17.2 -0.3 0.2 4.5 3.7
30 Nov 10 57478 125 143494 340 0.2 -17.1 -3.6 0.2 4.4 3.1
31 Dec 10 57919 441 139953 -3540 -2.5 -11.7 -4 0.8 3.9 4.9
31 Jan 11 58192 273 139245 -708 -0.5 -10.5 -9.5 0.5 3.7 6
28 Feb 11 58370 178 138500 -746 -0.5 -13.2 -11.4 0.3 3.7 6.4
31 Mar 11 58560 189 135420 -3080 -2.2 -12.3 -11.1 0.3 3.5 4.5
30 Apr 11 58903 343 132537 -2883 -2.1 -17.9 -12.7 0.6 3.6 5
31 May 11 59290 387 131523 -1014 -0.8 -18.7 -12.9 0.7 3.9 6.5
30 Jun 11 59598 308 128903 -2620 -2 -17.9 -13.9 0.5 4.1 7.3
31 Jul 11 59844 246 127196 -1708 -1.3 -15.2 -15.2 0.4 5.3 6.5
31 Aug 11 60076 232 127632 437 0.3 -11.3 -15.1 0.4 5.3 5.4
30 Sep 11 60349 273 124730 -2902 -2.3 -12.3 -13.6 0.5 5.4 5.1
31 Oct 11 60835 486 131759 7029 5.6 15.1 -8 0.8 6.1 6.8
30 Nov 11 61022 188 151509 19750 15 98.6 5.6 0.3 6.2 6.5
31 Dec 11 61154 132 163905 12397 8.2 198.2 17.1 0.2 5.6 5.4
31 Jan 12 61243 89 173512 9607 5.9 200.7 24.6 0.1 5.2 2.7
29 Feb 12 61574 331 189319 15807 9.1 143.8 36.7 0.5 5.5 3.7
31 Mar 12 61819 244 202273 12954 6.8 131.9 49.4 0.4 5.6 4.4
30 Apr 12 61844 25 218099 15826 7.8 149.6 64.6 0 5 4
31 May 12 62199 356 230390 12291 5.6 119.3 75.2 0.6 4.9 4.1
30 Jun 12 62515 315 228207 -2183 -0.9 62 77 0.5 4.9 4.6
31 Jul 12 62780 265 235349 7142 3.1 35.6 85 0.4 4.9 6.2
31 Aug 12 63150 370 251655 16306 6.9 42.4 97.2 0.6 5.1 6.3
30 Sep 12 63247 96 262294 10638 4.2 74.5 110.3 0.2 4.8 4.8
31 Oct 12 63423 176 274873 12579 4.8 86.1 108.6 0.3 4.3 4.2
30 Nov 12 63557 133 281259 6387 2.3 56 85.6 0.2 4.2 2.6
31 Dec 12 63764 207 275684 -5575 -2 22 68.2 0.3 4.3 3.3
31 Jan 13 63999 235 274377 -1307 -0.5 -0.7 58.1 0.4 4.5 3.7
28 Feb 13 64357 358 277302 2925 1.1 -5.5 46.5 0.6 4.5 5.1
31 Mar 13 64762 405 278693 1391 0.5 4.4 37.8 0.6 4.8 6.4
30 Apr 13 65036 274 285130 6436 2.3 16.6 30.7 0.4 5.2 6.6
31 May 13 65337 301 288784 3654 1.3 17.6 25.3 0.5 5 6.2
30 Jun 13 65544 207 289740 956 0.3 16.8 27 0.3 4.8 4.9
31 Jul 13 65768 224 293575 3836 1.3 12.4 24.7 0.3 4.8 4.6
31 Aug 13 65978 211 296482 2907 1 11.1 17.8 0.3 4.5 4
30 Sep 13 66136 157 295104 -1378 -0.5 7.6 12.5 0.2 4.6 3.7
31 Oct 13 66253 117 299561 4457 1.5 8.4 9 0.2 4.5 3
30 Nov 13 66482 229 302225 2664 0.9 8 7.5 0.3 4.6 3.1
31 Dec 13 66739 257 298828 -3397 -1.1 5.1 8.4 0.4 4.7 3.7
31 Jan 14 66821 82 300032 1205 0.4 0.6 9.4 0.1 4.4 3.5
28 Feb 14 66975 154 304469 4437 1.5 3 9.8 0.2 4.1 3
31 Mar 14 67182 207 300341 -4128 -1.4 2 7.8 0.3 3.7 2.7
30 Apr 14 67490 309 301449 1108 0.4 1.9 5.7 0.5 3.8 4.1
31 May 14 67801 311 304891 3442 1.1 0.6 5.6 0.5 3.8 5
30 Jun 14 67905 104 304105 -787 -0.3 5.1 5 0.2 3.6 4.4
31 Jul 14 68140 235 303621 -484 -0.2 2.9 3.4 0.3 3.6 3.9
31 Aug 14 68495 355 303570 -51 0 -1.7 2.4 0.5 3.8 4.2
30 Sep 14 68895 400 292432 -11138 -3.7 -14.5 -0.9 0.6 4.2 6
31 Oct 14 69412 517 299984 7552 2.6 -4.7 0.1 0.8 4.8 7.7
30 Nov 14 69888 476 304391 4408 1.5 1.1 0.7 0.7 5.1 8.4
31 Dec 14 70294 406 300587 -3804 -1.2 11.6 0.6 0.6 5.3 8.4
31 Jan 15 70666 372 303573 2986 1 4.9 1.2 0.5 5.8 7.4
28 Feb 15 71060 394 306701 3128 1 3.1 0.7 0.6 6.1 6.9
31 Mar 15 71517 457 305112 -1589 -0.5 6.2 1.6 0.6 6.5 7.1
30 Apr 15 71599 82 308012 2900 1 6 2.2 0.1 6.1 5.4
31 May 15 71934 335 315381 7369 2.4 11.8 3.4 0.5 6.1 5
30 Jun 15 72241 307 315525 143 0 14.4 3.8 0.4 6.4 4.1
31 Jul 15 72473 232 316355 830 0.3 11.3 4.2 0.3 6.4 5
31 Aug 15 72803 330 317491 1136 0.4 2.7 4.6 0.5 6.3 4.9
30 Sep 15 72986 183 308627 -8864 -2.8 -8.5 5.5 0.3 5.9 4.2
31 Oct 15 73410 424 315244 6617 2.1 -1.4 5.1 0.6 5.8 5.3
30 Nov 15 73849 439 315332 88 0 -2.7 3.6 0.6 5.7 5.9
31 Dec 15 74038 189 305858 -9474 -3 -3.5 1.8 0.3 5.3 5.9
31 Jan 16 74435 398 313494 7636 2.5 -2.2 3.3 0.5 5.3 5.7
29 Feb 16 75249 813 315819 2325 0.7 0.6 3 1.1 5.9 7.8
31 Mar 16 76081 832 314101 -1718 -0.5 11.2 2.9 1.1 6.4 11.5
30 Apr 16 76531 450 318432 4331 1.4 6.5 3.4 0.6 6.9 11.7
31 May 16 77066 535 317832 -600 -0.2 2.6 0.8 0.7 7.1 10
30 Jun 16 77679 613 316133 -1699 -0.5 2.6 0.2 0.8 7.5 8.7
31 Jul 16 78406 727 318926 2793 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.9 8.2 10.2
31 Aug 16 78942 536 325692 6767 2.1 10.3 2.6 0.7 8.4 10.1
30 Sep 16 79410 467 320935 -4758 -1.5 6.2 4 0.6 8.8 9.2
31 Oct 16 79876 466 336625 15690 4.9 24.1 6.8 0.6 8.8 7.7
30 Nov 16 80332 456 352619 15994 4.8 37.4 11.8 0.6 8.8 7.2
31 Dec 16 80775 443 367544 14924 4.2 72 20.2 0.6 9.1 7.1
31 Jan 17 81213 438 380671 13128 3.6 63.5 21.4 0.5 9.1 6.9
28 Feb 17 81545 332 399476 18805 4.9 64.7 26.5 0.4 8.4 6.2
31 Mar 17 81838 292 415059 15583 3.9 62.6 32.1 0.4 7.6 5.4
30 Apr 17 82029 191 431208 16149 3.9 64.6 35.4 0.2 7.2 4.1
31 May 17 82129 99 437395 6187 1.4 43.7 37.6 0.1 6.6 2.9
30 Jun 17 82121 -7 439982 2587 0.6 26.3 39.2 0 5.7 1.4
31 Jul 17 82093 -28 446961 6979 1.6 15.4 40.1 0 4.7 0.3
31 Aug 17 82047 -46 447672 711 0.2 9.7 37.5 -0.1 3.9 -0.4
30 Sep 17 82073 26 441318 -6355 -1.4 1.2 37.5 0 3.4 -0.2
31 Oct 17 82094 21 456269 14951 3.4 8.6 35.5 0 2.8 0
30 Nov 17 82057 -37 457683 1414 0.3 9.2 29.8 0 2.1 0
31 Dec 17 81957 -100 461471 3788 0.8 19.6 25.6 -0.1 1.5 -0.6
31 Jan 18 81856 -101 469224 7753 1.7 11.9 23.3 -0.1 0.8 -1.2
28 Feb 18 81705 -151 481382 12158 2.6 22.4 20.5 -0.2 0.2 -1.7
31 Mar 18 81600 -105 477273 -4109 -0.9 14.4 15 -0.1 -0.3 -1.7
30 Apr 18 81528 -71 491975 14702 3.1 20.9 14.1 -0.1 -0.6 -1.6
31 May 18 81478 -50 493439 1464 0.3 10.4 12.8 -0.1 -0.8 -1.1
30 Jun 18 81549 70 488956 -4483 -0.9 10.2 11.1 0.1 -0.7 -0.2
31 Jul 18 81618 70 487315 -1641 -0.3 -3.7 9 0.1 -0.6 0.4
31 Aug 18 81630 12 489717 2402 0.5 -3 9.4 0 -0.5 0.7
30 Sep 18 81746 115 488734 -983 -0.2 -0.2 10.7 0.1 -0.4 1
31 Oct 18 81750 4 491451 2717 0.6 3.4 7.7 0 -0.4 0.6
30 Nov 18 81942 192 489496 -1955 -0.4 -0.2 7 0.2 -0.1 1.5
31 Dec 18 82158 216 485767 -3729 -0.8 -2.4 5.3 0.3 0.2 2
31 Jan 19 82387 229 487824 2057 0.4 -2.9 4 0.3 0.6 3.2
28 Feb 19 82684 297 490517 2693 0.6 0.8 1.9 0.4 1.2 3.7
31 Mar 19 82889 205 475034 -15483 -3.2 -8.5 -0.5 0.2 1.6 3.6
30 Apr 19 82584 -305 488981 13947 2.9 1 -0.6 -0.4 1.3 1
31 May 19 82479 -105 492419 3438 0.7 1.6 -0.2 -0.1 1.2 -1
30 Jun 19 82605 126 489726 -2694 -0.5 13 0.2 0.2 1.3 -1.4
31 Jul 19 82665 60 486224 -3501 -0.7 -2.2 -0.2 0.1 1.3 0.4
31 Aug 19 82796 131 484818 -1406 -0.3 -6 -1 0.2 1.4 1.5
30 Sep 19 82834 37 471211 -13607 -2.8 -14.3 -3.6 0 1.3 1.1
31 Oct 19 82892 58 483996 12785 2.7 -1.8 -1.5 0.1 1.4 1.1
30 Nov 19 82827 -65 484980 984 0.2 0.1 -0.9 -0.1 1.1 0.1
31 Dec 19 82706 -121 478817 -6162 -1.3 6.6 -1.4 -0.1 0.7 -0.6
31 Jan 20 82918 213 474470 -4347 -0.9 -7.6 -2.7 0.3 0.6 0.1
29 Feb 20 82947 29 475990 1520 0.3 -7.2 -3 0 0.3 0.6
31 Mar 20 83194 247 469036 -6954 -1.5 -7.9 -1.3 0.3 0.4 2.4
30 Apr 20 82669 -526 552427 83391 17.8 83.8 13 -0.6 0.1 -1.2
31 May 20 83867 1198 635908 83481 15.1 218.6 29.1 1.4 1.7 4.5
30 Jun 20 85897 2030 680557 44649 7 343.2 39 2.4 4 13.6

Change date range from: to:

Notes:

[a] Average of amounts outstanding at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month.

[b] From November 2009 notes and coin in circulation represents all holdings outside the Bank of England (including those in banks' and building societies' tills), but excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland. The effects of the change in definition have been removed from the flows (changes) data. For details, see the October 2009 article in Monetary & Financial Statistics at http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/documents/ms/articles/art1oct09.pdf.

[c] The seasonal adjustment of this series is under review due to changes in patterns of trading day and holiday effects, particularly from 2013 onwards.

[d] Changes to the method of seasonal adjustment took effect from the publication of July 2019 data. For further details, see: https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/details/further-details-about-notes-and-coin-and-reserves-balances-data. (31 Jan 2009 onward)

[e] Growth rates for reserve balances are shown for the series which is an average of the balances at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month - LPMBL22.

[f] A change in the reporting of notes and coin in relation to the days of the week on which Bank Holidays fall is affecting the pattern of trading day factors. This is impacting on the quality of the seasonal adjustment of these series, which will therefore be kept under review.