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Date Monthly average amount outstanding of total sterling notes and coin in circulation, excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[a] [b] [c] [d]
LPMAVAB
Monthly changes of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[c] [d]
LPMAVAG
Monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[a]
LPMBL22
Monthly changes in monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL23
Monthly 1 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL24
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[e]
LPMBL25
Monthly 12 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL27
Monthly 1 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c]
LPMVQUT
Monthly 12 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c]
LPMVQUU
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[f]
LPMVQUV
31 Jan 08 48888 397 23779 -90 -0.4 20.3 26.7 0.8 6.3 5.3
29 Feb 08 49223 334 22801 -978 -4.1 -7.6 29 0.7 6.6 7.5
31 Mar 08 49556 333 25688 2888 12.7 34.2 45.2 0.7 6.7 9.1
30 Apr 08 49657 101 26647 958 3.7 57.7 46.8 0.2 6.6 6.4
31 May 08 49815 158 27511 864 3.2 112 56.8 0.3 6 4.9
30 Jun 08 50029 214 28319 808 2.9 47.7 57.9 0.4 5.7 3.9
31 Jul 08 50188 159 27942 -377 -1.3 20.9 25.4 0.3 5.8 4.3
31 Aug 08 50195 6 28696 754 2.7 18.4 56.5 0 5.1 3.1
30 Sep 08 50611 416 36309 7613 26.5 170.2 47.2 0.8 5.2 4.7
31 Oct 08 51131 521 48367 12058 33.2 797.8 113 1 6 7.7
30 Nov 08 51607 476 45621 -2746 -5.7 538.8 96.2 0.9 6.8 11.7
31 Dec 08 51936 329 43098 -2523 -5.5 98.5 80.6 0.6 7.1 10.9
31 Jan 09 52859 335 40425 -2673 -6.2 -51.2 70 0.6 6.9 9.2
28 Feb 09 53259 400 39467 -959 -2.4 -44 73.1 0.8 7 8.5
31 Mar 09 53629 369 40758 1292 3.3 -20 58.7 0.7 7 8.7
30 Apr 09 53928 300 71314 30555 75 868.5 167.6 0.6 7.4 8.3
31 May 09 54022 94 98689 27375 38.4 3809.8 258.7 0.2 7.2 5.9
30 Jun 09 54096 74 125383 26695 27 8855.5 342.8 0.1 6.9 3.5
31 Jul 09 54254 158 152083 26700 21.3 1968.4 444.3 0.3 6.9 2.4
31 Aug 09 54398 144 142932 -9152 -6 340 398.1 0.3 7.2 2.8
30 Sep 09 54786 388 137382 -5550 -3.9 44.1 278.4 0.7 7 5.2
31 Oct 09 55029 243 143626 6244 4.5 -20.5 196.9 0.4 6.4 5.8
30 Nov 09 55200 220 148830 5205 3.6 17.6 226.2 0.4 5.9 6.4
31 Dec 09 55745 667 145830 -3000 -2 27 238.4 1.2 6.5 8.5
31 Jan 10 56089 344 153796 7965 5.5 31.5 280.4 0.6 6.4 9.3
28 Feb 10 56249 160 156405 2609 1.7 22 296.3 0.3 5.9 8.8
31 Mar 10 56530 281 152275 -4130 -2.6 18.9 273.6 0.5 5.7 5.8
30 Apr 10 56835 305 151883 -392 -0.3 -4.9 113 0.5 5.7 5.4
31 May 10 57049 213 150950 -933 -0.6 -13.2 53 0.4 5.9 5.8
30 Jun 10 57268 219 149737 -1214 -0.8 -6.5 19.4 0.4 6.2 5.3
31 Jul 10 56822 -445 150051 314 0.2 -4.7 -1.3 -0.8 5.1 -0.1
31 Aug 10 57043 221 150370 319 0.2 -1.5 5.2 0.4 5.2 0
30 Sep 10 57229 185 144380 -5990 -4 -13.6 5.1 0.3 4.8 -0.3
31 Oct 10 57351 122 143153 -1226 -0.8 -17.2 -0.3 0.2 4.5 3.8
30 Nov 10 57497 146 143494 340 0.2 -17.1 -3.6 0.3 4.4 3.2
31 Dec 10 57906 409 139953 -3540 -2.5 -11.7 -4 0.7 3.9 4.8
31 Jan 11 58164 258 139245 -708 -0.5 -10.5 -9.5 0.4 3.7 5.8
28 Feb 11 58351 187 138500 -746 -0.5 -13.2 -11.4 0.3 3.7 6.1
31 Mar 11 58505 154 135420 -3080 -2.2 -12.3 -11.1 0.3 3.5 4.2
30 Apr 11 58904 399 132537 -2883 -2.1 -17.9 -12.7 0.7 3.6 5.2
31 May 11 59277 373 131523 -1014 -0.8 -18.7 -12.9 0.6 3.9 6.5
30 Jun 11 59588 311 128903 -2620 -2 -17.9 -13.9 0.5 4.1 7.6
31 Jul 11 59841 253 127196 -1708 -1.3 -15.2 -15.2 0.4 5.3 6.5
31 Aug 11 60073 232 127632 437 0.3 -11.3 -15.1 0.4 5.3 5.5
30 Sep 11 60368 295 124730 -2902 -2.3 -12.3 -13.6 0.5 5.5 5.3
31 Oct 11 60844 475 131759 7029 5.6 15.1 -8 0.8 6.1 6.9
30 Nov 11 61056 212 151509 19750 15 98.6 5.6 0.3 6.2 6.7
31 Dec 11 61148 92 163905 12397 8.2 198.2 17.1 0.2 5.6 5.3
31 Jan 12 61192 44 173512 9607 5.9 200.7 24.6 0.1 5.2 2.3
29 Feb 12 61529 337 189319 15807 9.1 143.8 36.7 0.6 5.4 3.1
31 Mar 12 61751 222 202273 12954 6.8 131.9 49.4 0.4 5.5 4
30 Apr 12 61839 87 218099 15826 7.8 149.6 64.6 0.1 5 4.3
31 May 12 62180 342 230390 12291 5.6 119.3 75.2 0.6 4.9 4.3
30 Jun 12 62506 326 228207 -2183 -0.9 62 77 0.5 4.9 5
31 Jul 12 62787 281 235349 7142 3.1 35.6 85 0.4 4.9 6.3
31 Aug 12 63141 353 251655 16306 6.9 42.4 97.2 0.6 5.1 6.3
30 Sep 12 63294 153 262294 10638 4.2 74.5 110.3 0.2 4.8 5.1
31 Oct 12 63447 153 274873 12579 4.8 86.1 108.6 0.2 4.3 4.3
30 Nov 12 63612 165 281259 6387 2.3 56 85.6 0.3 4.2 3
31 Dec 12 63765 154 275684 -5575 -2 22 68.2 0.2 4.3 3
31 Jan 13 63909 143 274377 -1307 -0.5 -0.7 58.1 0.2 4.4 2.9
28 Feb 13 64289 381 277302 2925 1.1 -5.5 46.5 0.6 4.5 4.3
31 Mar 13 64676 387 278693 1391 0.5 4.4 37.8 0.6 4.7 5.8
30 Apr 13 65008 332 285130 6436 2.3 16.6 30.7 0.5 5.1 7.1
31 May 13 65311 303 288784 3654 1.3 17.6 25.3 0.5 5 6.5
30 Jun 13 65537 226 289740 956 0.3 16.8 27 0.3 4.8 5.4
31 Jul 13 65778 241 293575 3836 1.3 12.4 24.7 0.4 4.8 4.8
31 Aug 13 65993 215 296482 2907 1 11.1 17.8 0.3 4.5 4.2
30 Sep 13 66198 205 295104 -1378 -0.5 7.6 12.5 0.3 4.6 4.1
31 Oct 13 66277 79 299561 4457 1.5 8.4 9 0.1 4.5 3.1
30 Nov 13 66726 449 302225 2664 0.9 8 7.5 0.7 4.9 4.5
31 Dec 13 67216 490 298828 -3397 -1.1 5.1 8.4 0.7 5.4 6.3
31 Jan 14 66630 -586 300032 1205 0.4 0.6 9.4 -0.9 4.3 2.1
28 Feb 14 66895 265 304469 4437 1.5 3 9.8 0.4 4.1 1
31 Mar 14 67057 162 300341 -4128 -1.4 2 7.8 0.2 3.7 -0.9
30 Apr 14 67462 406 301449 1108 0.4 1.9 5.7 0.6 3.8 5.1
31 May 14 67782 320 304891 3442 1.1 0.6 5.6 0.5 3.8 5.4
30 Jun 14 67904 122 304105 -787 -0.3 5.1 5 0.2 3.6 5.2
31 Jul 14 68153 249 303621 -484 -0.2 2.9 3.4 0.4 3.6 4.2
31 Aug 14 68508 355 303570 -51 0 -1.7 2.4 0.5 3.8 4.4
30 Sep 14 68972 464 292432 -11138 -3.7 -14.5 -0.9 0.7 4.2 6.4
31 Oct 14 69438 466 299984 7552 2.6 -4.7 0.1 0.7 4.8 7.8
30 Nov 14 69941 502 304391 4408 1.5 1.1 0.7 0.7 4.8 8.6
31 Dec 14 70297 356 300587 -3804 -1.2 11.6 0.6 0.5 4.6 7.9
31 Jan 15 70619 323 303573 2986 1 4.9 1.2 0.5 6 7
28 Feb 15 70999 379 306701 3128 1 3.1 0.7 0.5 6.1 6.2
31 Mar 15 71338 339 305112 -1589 -0.5 6.2 1.6 0.5 6.4 6.1
30 Apr 15 71574 236 308012 2900 1 6 2.2 0.3 6.1 5.5
31 May 15 71929 356 315381 7369 2.4 11.8 3.4 0.5 6.1 5.3
30 Jun 15 72239 309 315525 143 0 14.4 3.8 0.4 6.4 5.1
31 Jul 15 72484 246 316355 830 0.3 11.3 4.2 0.3 6.4 5.2
31 Aug 15 72824 340 317491 1136 0.4 2.7 4.6 0.5 6.3 5.1
30 Sep 15 73061 236 308627 -8864 -2.8 -8.5 5.5 0.3 5.9 4.6
31 Oct 15 73432 371 315244 6617 2.1 -1.4 5.1 0.5 5.8 5.3
30 Nov 15 73889 457 315332 88 0 -2.7 3.6 0.6 5.6 6
31 Dec 15 74044 155 305858 -9474 -3 -3.5 1.8 0.2 5.3 5.5
31 Jan 16 74395 351 313494 7636 2.5 -2.2 3.3 0.5 5.3 5.4
29 Feb 16 75203 808 315819 2325 0.7 0.6 3 1.1 5.9 7.3
31 Mar 16 75851 648 314101 -1718 -0.5 11.2 2.9 0.9 6.3 10.1
30 Apr 16 76516 664 318432 4331 1.4 6.5 3.4 0.9 6.9 11.9
31 May 16 77066 550 317832 -600 -0.2 2.6 0.8 0.7 7.1 10.3
30 Jun 16 77688 622 316133 -1699 -0.5 2.6 0.2 0.8 7.5 10
31 Jul 16 78424 736 318926 2793 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.9 8.2 10.4
31 Aug 16 78969 545 325692 6767 2.1 10.3 2.6 0.7 8.4 10.2
30 Sep 16 79488 519 320935 -4758 -1.5 6.2 4 0.7 8.8 9.6
31 Oct 16 79910 422 336625 15690 4.9 24.1 6.8 0.5 8.8 7.8
30 Nov 16 80359 449 352619 15994 4.8 37.4 11.8 0.6 8.8 7.2
31 Dec 16 80773 415 367544 14924 4.2 72 20.2 0.5 9.1 6.6
31 Jan 17 81175 401 380671 13128 3.6 63.5 21.4 0.5 9.1 6.5
28 Feb 17 81481 306 399476 18805 4.9 64.7 26.5 0.4 8.3 5.7
31 Mar 17 81549 68 415059 15583 3.9 62.6 32.1 0.1 7.5 3.9
30 Apr 17 82007 458 431208 16149 3.9 64.6 35.4 0.6 7.2 4.2
31 May 17 82144 137 437395 6187 1.4 43.7 37.6 0.2 6.6 3.3
30 Jun 17 82142 -2 439982 2587 0.6 26.3 39.2 0 5.7 2.9
31 Jul 17 82130 -12 446961 6979 1.6 15.4 40.1 0 4.7 0.6
31 Aug 17 82099 -31 447672 711 0.2 9.7 37.5 0 4 -0.2
30 Sep 17 82184 85 441318 -6355 -1.4 1.2 37.5 0.1 3.4 0.2
31 Oct 17 82161 -23 456269 14951 3.4 8.6 35.5 0 2.8 0.1
30 Nov 17 82087 -73 457683 1414 0.3 9.2 29.8 -0.1 2.2 -0.1
31 Dec 17 81929 -158 461471 3788 0.8 19.6 25.6 -0.2 1.4 -1.2
31 Jan 18 81769 -160 469224 7753 1.7 11.9 23.3 -0.2 0.7 -1.9
28 Feb 18 81546 -223 481382 12158 2.6 22.4 20.5 -0.3 0.1 -2.6
31 Mar 18 81252 -293 477273 -4109 -0.9 14.4 15 -0.4 -0.4 -3.3
30 Apr 18 81473 220 491975 14702 3.1 20.9 14.1 0.3 -0.7 -1.4
31 May 18 81531 58 493439 1464 0.3 10.4 12.8 0.1 -0.7 -0.1
30 Jun 18 81618 87 488956 -4483 -0.9 10.2 11.1 0.1 -0.6 1.8
31 Jul 18 81701 84 487315 -1641 -0.3 -3.7 9 0.1 -0.5 1.1
31 Aug 18 81729 28 489717 2402 0.5 -3 9.4 0 -0.5 1
30 Sep 18 81912 183 488734 -983 -0.2 -0.2 10.7 0.2 -0.3 1.4
31 Oct 18 81871 -41 491451 2717 0.6 3.4 7.7 0 -0.4 0.8
30 Nov 18 81980 109 489496 -1955 -0.4 -0.2 7 0.1 -0.1 1.2
31 Dec 18 82102 122 485767 -3729 -0.8 -2.4 5.3 0.1 0.2 0.9
31 Jan 19 82248 146 487824 2057 0.4 -2.9 4 0.2 0.6 1.9
28 Feb 19 82368 120 490517 2693 0.6 0.8 1.9 0.1 1 1.9
31 Mar 19 82433 65 475034 -15483 -3.2 -8.5 -0.5 0.1 1.5 1.6
30 Apr 19 82495 61 488981 13947 2.9 1 -0.6 0.1 1.3 1.2
31 May 19 82606 111 492419 3438 0.7 1.6 -0.2 0.1 1.3 1.2
30 Jun 19 82747 141 489726 -2694 -0.5 13 0.2 0.2 1.4 1.5
31 Jul 19 82821 74 486224 -3501 -0.7 -2.2 -0.2 0.1 1.4 1.6
31 Aug 19 82977 156 484818 -1406 -0.3 -6 -1 0.2 1.5 1.8
30 Sep 19 83048 71 471211 -13607 -2.8 -14.3 -3.6 0.1 1.4 1.5
31 Oct 19 83081 33 483996 12785 2.7 -1.8 -1.5 0 1.5 1.3
30 Nov 19 83079 -1 484980 984 0.2 0.1 -0.9 0 1.3 0.5
31 Dec 19 83050 -30 478817 -6162 -1.3 6.6 -1.4 0 1.2 0
31 Jan 20 83243 194 474470 -4347 -0.9 -7.6 -2.7 0.2 1.2 0.8

Change date range from: to:

Notes:

[a] Average of amounts outstanding at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month.

[b] From November 2009 notes and coin in circulation represents all holdings outside the Bank of England (including those in banks' and building societies' tills), but excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland. The effects of the change in definition have been removed from the flows (changes) data. For details, see the October 2009 article in Monetary & Financial Statistics at http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/documents/ms/articles/art1oct09.pdf.

[c] The seasonal adjustment of this series is under review due to changes in patterns of trading day and holiday effects, particularly from 2013 onwards.

[d] Changes to the method of seasonal adjustment took effect from the publication of July 2019 data. For further details, see: https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/details/further-details-about-notes-and-coin-and-reserves-balances-data. (31 Jan 2009 onward)

[e] Growth rates for reserve balances are shown for the series which is an average of the balances at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month - LPMBL22.

[f] A change in the reporting of notes and coin in relation to the days of the week on which Bank Holidays fall is affecting the pattern of trading day factors. This is impacting on the quality of the seasonal adjustment of these series, which will therefore be kept under review.