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Date Monthly average amount outstanding of total sterling notes and coin in circulation, excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[a] [b] [c]
LPMAVAB
Monthly changes of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[c]
LPMAVAG
Monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[a]
LPMBL22
Monthly changes in monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL23
Monthly 1 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL24
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[d]
LPMBL25
Monthly 12 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL27
Monthly 1 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c]
LPMVQUT
Monthly 12 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c]
LPMVQUU
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[e]
LPMVQUV
31 Jan 08 49003 248 23779 -90 -0.4 20.3 26.7 0.5 6.5 5.7
29 Feb 08 49159 156 22801 -978 -4.1 -7.6 29 0.3 6.5 5.7
31 Mar 08 49501 342 25688 2888 12.7 34.2 45.2 0.7 6.8 6.3
30 Apr 08 49514 13 26647 958 3.7 57.7 46.8 0 6.4 4.2
31 May 08 49695 181 27511 864 3.2 112 56.8 0.4 5.8 4.4
30 Jun 08 49914 218 28319 808 2.9 47.7 57.9 0.4 5.6 3.4
31 Jul 08 50116 202 27942 -377 -1.3 20.9 25.4 0.4 5.8 4.9
31 Aug 08 50248 133 28696 754 2.7 18.4 56.5 0.3 5.2 4.5
30 Sep 08 50555 307 36309 7613 26.5 170.2 47.2 0.6 5.1 5.2
31 Oct 08 51242 687 48367 12058 33.2 797.8 113 1.4 6 9.3
30 Nov 08 51787 544 45621 -2746 -5.7 538.8 96.2 1.1 6.8 12.8
31 Dec 08 52243 456 43098 -2523 -5.5 98.5 80.6 0.9 7.2 14
31 Jan 09 52764 521 40425 -2673 -6.2 -51.2 70 1 7.7 12.4
28 Feb 09 53232 468 39467 -959 -2.4 -44 73.1 0.9 8.3 11.6
31 Mar 09 53626 394 40758 1292 3.3 -20 58.7 0.7 8.3 11
30 Apr 09 53860 234 71314 30555 75 868.5 167.6 0.4 8.8 8.6
31 May 09 53949 89 98689 27375 38.4 3809.8 258.7 0.2 8.6 5.5
30 Jun 09 54220 271 125383 26695 27 8855.5 342.8 0.5 8.6 4.5
31 Jul 09 54457 238 152083 26700 21.3 1968.4 444.3 0.4 8.7 4.5
31 Aug 09 54641 184 142932 -9152 -6 340 398.1 0.3 8.7 5.2
30 Sep 09 54904 263 137382 -5550 -3.9 44.1 278.4 0.5 8.6 5.1
31 Oct 09 55120 216 143626 6244 4.5 -20.5 196.9 0.4 7.6 5
30 Nov 09 55230 160 148830 5205 3.6 17.6 226.2 0.3 6.7 4.8
31 Dec 09 55699 590 145830 -3000 -2 27 238.4 1.1 6.9 7.2
31 Jan 10 56205 506 153796 7965 5.5 31.5 280.4 0.9 6.9 9.5
28 Feb 10 56196 -9 156405 2609 1.7 22 296.3 0 5.9 8.1
31 Mar 10 56384 188 152275 -4130 -2.6 18.9 273.6 0.3 5.5 5
30 Apr 10 56909 525 151883 -392 -0.3 -4.9 113 0.9 6 5.1
31 May 10 57127 218 150950 -933 -0.6 -13.2 53 0.4 6.2 6.8
30 Jun 10 57164 36 149737 -1214 -0.8 -6.5 19.4 0.1 5.8 5.6
31 Jul 10 56986 -178 150051 314 0.2 -4.7 -1.3 -0.3 5 0.5
31 Aug 10 57195 209 150370 319 0.2 -1.5 5.2 0.4 5 0.5
30 Sep 10 57357 162 144380 -5990 -4 -13.6 5.1 0.3 4.8 1.4
31 Oct 10 57404 47 143153 -1226 -0.8 -17.2 -0.3 0.1 4.5 3
30 Nov 10 57361 -43 143494 340 0.2 -17.1 -3.6 -0.1 4.1 1.2
31 Dec 10 57885 524 139953 -3540 -2.5 -11.7 -4 0.9 3.9 3.7
31 Jan 11 58097 212 139245 -708 -0.5 -10.5 -9.5 0.4 3.4 4.9
28 Feb 11 58303 207 138500 -746 -0.5 -13.2 -11.4 0.4 3.7 6.7
31 Mar 11 58557 254 135420 -3080 -2.2 -12.3 -11.1 0.4 3.9 4.7
30 Apr 11 58834 277 132537 -2883 -2.1 -17.9 -12.7 0.5 3.4 5.2
31 May 11 59337 504 131523 -1014 -0.8 -18.7 -12.9 0.9 3.9 7.3
30 Jun 11 59487 150 128903 -2620 -2 -17.9 -13.9 0.3 4.1 6.5
31 Jul 11 59931 444 127196 -1708 -1.3 -15.2 -15.2 0.7 5.2 7.7
31 Aug 11 60168 237 127632 437 0.3 -11.3 -15.1 0.4 5.2 5.7
30 Sep 11 60406 239 124730 -2902 -2.3 -12.3 -13.6 0.4 5.3 6.3
31 Oct 11 60840 434 131759 7029 5.6 15.1 -8 0.7 6 6.2
30 Nov 11 60969 129 151509 19750 15 98.6 5.6 0.2 6.3 5.4
31 Dec 11 60967 -2 163905 12397 8.2 198.2 17.1 0 5.3 3.8
31 Jan 12 61197 230 173512 9607 5.9 200.7 24.6 0.4 5.3 2.4
29 Feb 12 61524 327 189319 15807 9.1 143.8 36.7 0.5 5.5 3.7
31 Mar 12 61838 315 202273 12954 6.8 131.9 49.4 0.5 5.6 5.8
30 Apr 12 61796 -42 218099 15826 7.8 149.6 64.6 -0.1 5 4
31 May 12 62148 351 230390 12291 5.6 119.3 75.2 0.6 4.7 4.1
30 Jun 12 62542 395 228207 -2183 -0.9 62 77 0.6 5.1 4.6
31 Jul 12 62820 277 235349 7142 3.1 35.6 85 0.4 4.8 6.8
31 Aug 12 63152 332 251655 16306 6.9 42.4 97.2 0.5 5 6.6
30 Sep 12 63292 141 262294 10638 4.2 74.5 110.3 0.2 4.8 4.9
31 Oct 12 63411 119 274873 12579 4.8 86.1 108.6 0.2 4.2 3.8
30 Nov 12 63469 58 281259 6387 2.3 56 85.6 0.1 4.1 2
31 Dec 12 63573 104 275684 -5575 -2 22 68.2 0.2 4.3 1.8
31 Jan 13 63684 111 274377 -1307 -0.5 -0.7 58.1 0.2 4.1 1.7
28 Feb 13 64328 643 277302 2925 1.1 -5.5 46.5 1 4.6 5.5
31 Mar 13 64635 308 278693 1391 0.5 4.4 37.8 0.5 4.5 6.9
30 Apr 13 65164 529 285130 6436 2.3 16.6 30.7 0.8 5.5 9.6
31 May 13 65324 159 288784 3654 1.3 17.6 25.3 0.2 5.1 6.3
30 Jun 13 65504 181 289740 956 0.3 16.8 27 0.3 4.7 5.5
31 Jul 13 65777 272 293575 3836 1.3 12.4 24.7 0.4 4.7 3.8
31 Aug 13 65971 194 296482 2907 1 11.1 17.8 0.3 4.5 4
30 Sep 13 66137 166 295104 -1378 -0.5 7.6 12.5 0.3 4.5 3.9
31 Oct 13 66251 114 299561 4457 1.5 8.4 9 0.2 4.5 2.9
30 Nov 13 66470 218 302225 2664 0.9 8 7.5 0.3 4.7 3.1
31 Dec 13 66596 126 298828 -3397 -1.1 5.1 8.4 0.2 4.8 2.8
31 Jan 14 67389 793 300032 1205 0.4 0.6 9.4 1.2 5.8 7
28 Feb 14 66977 -412 304469 4437 1.5 3 9.8 -0.6 4.1 3.1
31 Mar 14 67252 275 300341 -4128 -1.4 2 7.8 0.4 4 4
30 Apr 14 67456 204 301449 1108 0.4 1.9 5.7 0.3 3.5 0.4
31 May 14 67687 232 304891 3442 1.1 0.6 5.6 0.3 3.6 4.3
30 Jun 14 67948 261 304105 -787 -0.3 5.1 5 0.4 3.7 4.2
31 Jul 14 68156 208 303621 -484 -0.2 2.9 3.4 0.3 3.6 4.2
31 Aug 14 68427 271 303570 -51 0 -1.7 2.4 0.4 3.7 4.4
30 Sep 14 68944 517 292432 -11138 -3.7 -14.5 -0.9 0.8 4.2 6
31 Oct 14 69431 487 299984 7552 2.6 -4.7 0.1 0.7 4.8 7.7
30 Nov 14 69900 469 304391 4408 1.5 1.1 0.7 0.7 5.2 8.9
31 Dec 14 70437 537 300587 -3804 -1.2 11.6 0.6 0.8 5.8 8.9
31 Jan 15 70684 247 303573 2986 1 4.9 1.2 0.4 4.9 7.4
28 Feb 15 71082 398 306701 3128 1 3.1 0.7 0.6 6.1 6.9
31 Mar 15 71595 513 305112 -1589 -0.5 6.2 1.6 0.7 6.5 6.7
30 Apr 15 71571 -24 308012 2900 1 6 2.2 0 6.1 5.1
31 May 15 71853 282 315381 7369 2.4 11.8 3.4 0.4 6.2 4.4
30 Jun 15 72234 381 315525 143 0 14.4 3.8 0.5 6.3 3.6
31 Jul 15 72492 258 316355 830 0.3 11.3 4.2 0.4 6.4 5.3
31 Aug 15 72917 425 317491 1136 0.4 2.7 4.6 0.6 6.6 6.1
30 Sep 15 72850 -67 308627 -8864 -2.8 -8.5 5.5 -0.1 5.7 3.5
31 Oct 15 73446 595 315244 6617 2.1 -1.4 5.1 0.8 5.8 5.4
30 Nov 15 73924 479 315332 88 0 -2.7 3.6 0.7 5.8 5.6
31 Dec 15 74364 440 305858 -9474 -3 -3.5 1.8 0.6 5.6 8.6
31 Jan 16 74687 323 313494 7636 2.5 -2.2 3.3 0.4 5.7 6.9
29 Feb 16 75276 588 315819 2325 0.7 0.6 3 0.8 5.9 7.5
31 Mar 16 75657 382 314101 -1718 -0.5 11.2 2.9 0.5 5.7 7.1
30 Apr 16 76981 1324 318432 4331 1.4 6.5 3.4 1.7 7.6 12.9
31 May 16 77265 284 317832 -600 -0.2 2.6 0.8 0.4 7.5 11
30 Jun 16 77356 92 316133 -1699 -0.5 2.6 0.2 0.1 7.1 9.3
31 Jul 16 78428 1071 318926 2793 0.9 0.6 0.8 1.4 8.2 7.7
31 Aug 16 78984 556 325692 6767 2.1 10.3 2.6 0.7 8.3 9.2
30 Sep 16 79372 388 320935 -4758 -1.5 6.2 4 0.5 9 10.8
31 Oct 16 79907 534 336625 15690 4.9 24.1 6.8 0.7 8.8 7.8
30 Nov 16 80232 326 352619 15994 4.8 37.4 11.8 0.4 8.5 6.5
31 Dec 16 80645 412 367544 14924 4.2 72 20.2 0.5 8.4 6.6
31 Jan 17 81203 558 380671 13128 3.6 63.5 21.4 0.7 8.7 6.6
28 Feb 17 81528 325 399476 18805 4.9 64.7 26.5 0.4 8.3 6.6
31 Mar 17 81853 325 415059 15583 3.9 62.6 32.1 0.4 8.2 6.1
30 Apr 17 81896 43 431208 16149 3.9 64.6 35.4 0.1 6.4 3.5
31 May 17 82049 153 437395 6187 1.4 43.7 37.6 0.2 6.2 2.6
30 Jun 17 82095 46 439982 2587 0.6 26.3 39.2 0.1 6.1 1.2
31 Jul 17 82112 17 446961 6979 1.6 15.4 40.1 0 4.7 1.1
31 Aug 17 82047 -66 447672 711 0.2 9.7 37.5 -0.1 3.9 0
30 Sep 17 82169 122 441318 -6355 -1.4 1.2 37.5 0.1 3.5 0.4
31 Oct 17 82159 -10 456269 14951 3.4 8.6 35.5 0 2.8 0.2
30 Nov 17 82207 48 457683 1414 0.3 9.2 29.8 0.1 2.5 0.8
31 Dec 17 81866 -341 461471 3788 0.8 19.6 25.6 -0.4 1.5 -1.5
31 Jan 18 81881 15 469224 7753 1.7 11.9 23.3 0 0.8 -1.3
28 Feb 18 81597 -284 481382 12158 2.6 22.4 20.5 -0.3 0.1 -2.9
31 Mar 18 81311 -286 477273 -4109 -0.9 14.4 15 -0.4 -0.7 -2.7
30 Apr 18 81477 166 491975 14702 3.1 20.9 14.1 0.2 -0.5 -2
31 May 18 81416 -60 493439 1464 0.3 10.4 12.8 -0.1 -0.8 -0.9
30 Jun 18 81586 170 488956 -4483 -0.9 10.2 11.1 0.2 -0.6 1.4
31 Jul 18 81668 82 487315 -1641 -0.3 -3.7 9 0.1 -0.5 0.9
31 Aug 18 81745 77 489717 2402 0.5 -3 9.4 0.1 -0.4 1.6
30 Sep 18 81885 139 488734 -983 -0.2 -0.2 10.7 0.2 -0.3 1.5
31 Oct 18 81870 -14 491451 2717 0.6 3.4 7.7 0 -0.4 1
30 Nov 18 81806 -64 489496 -1955 -0.4 -0.2 7 -0.1 -0.5 0.3
31 Dec 18 81944 138 485767 -3729 -0.8 -2.4 5.3 0.2 0.1 0.3
31 Jan 19 82067 123 487824 2057 0.4 -2.9 4 0.2 0.2 1
28 Feb 19 82436 369 490517 2693 0.6 0.8 1.9 0.4 1 3.1

Change date range from: to:

Notes:

[a] Average of amounts outstanding at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month.

[b] From November 2009 notes and coin in circulation represents all holdings outside the Bank of England (including those in banks' and building societies' tills), but excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland. The effects of the change in definition have been removed from the flows (changes) data. For details, see the October 2009 article in Monetary & Financial Statistics at http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/documents/ms/articles/art1oct09.pdf.

[c] The seasonal adjustment of this series is under review due to changes in patterns of trading day and holiday effects, particularly from 2013 onwards.

[d] Growth rates for reserve balances are shown for the series which is an average of the balances at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month - LPMBL22.

[e] A change in the reporting of notes and coin in relation to the days of the week on which Bank Holidays fall is affecting the pattern of trading day factors. This is impacting on the quality of the seasonal adjustment of these series, which will therefore be kept under review.