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Date Monthly average amount outstanding of total sterling notes and coin in circulation, excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[a] [b] [c] [d]
LPMAVAB
Monthly changes of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[c] [d]
LPMAVAG
Monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[a]
LPMBL22
Monthly changes in monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL23
Monthly 1 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL24
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[e]
LPMBL25
Monthly 12 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL27
Monthly 1 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c]
LPMVQUT
Monthly 12 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c]
LPMVQUU
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[f]
LPMVQUV
31 Jan 08 48888 397 23779 -90 -0.4 20.3 26.7 0.8 6.3 5.3
29 Feb 08 49223 334 22801 -978 -4.1 -7.6 29 0.7 6.6 7.5
31 Mar 08 49556 333 25688 2888 12.7 34.2 45.2 0.7 6.7 9.1
30 Apr 08 49657 101 26647 958 3.7 57.7 46.8 0.2 6.6 6.4
31 May 08 49815 158 27511 864 3.2 112 56.8 0.3 6 4.9
30 Jun 08 50029 214 28319 808 2.9 47.7 57.9 0.4 5.7 3.9
31 Jul 08 50188 159 27942 -377 -1.3 20.9 25.4 0.3 5.8 4.3
31 Aug 08 50195 6 28696 754 2.7 18.4 56.5 0 5.1 3.1
30 Sep 08 50611 416 36309 7613 26.5 170.2 47.2 0.8 5.2 4.7
31 Oct 08 51131 521 48367 12058 33.2 797.8 113 1 6 7.7
30 Nov 08 51607 476 45621 -2746 -5.7 538.8 96.2 0.9 6.8 11.7
31 Dec 08 51936 329 43098 -2523 -5.5 98.5 80.6 0.6 7.1 10.9
31 Jan 09 52856 364 40425 -2673 -6.2 -51.2 70 0.7 7 9.5
28 Feb 09 53261 405 39467 -959 -2.4 -44 73.1 0.8 7.1 8.8
31 Mar 09 53642 381 40758 1292 3.3 -20 58.7 0.7 7.1 9.1
30 Apr 09 53936 294 71314 30555 75 868.5 167.6 0.5 7.5 8.4
31 May 09 54031 94 98689 27375 38.4 3809.8 258.7 0.2 7.3 5.9
30 Jun 09 54103 72 125383 26695 27 8855.5 342.8 0.1 7 3.5
31 Jul 09 54263 160 152083 26700 21.3 1968.4 444.3 0.3 7 2.4
31 Aug 09 54408 146 142932 -9152 -6 340 398.1 0.3 7.3 2.8
30 Sep 09 54794 386 137382 -5550 -3.9 44.1 278.4 0.7 7.1 5.2
31 Oct 09 55041 247 143626 6244 4.5 -20.5 196.9 0.5 6.5 5.9
30 Nov 09 55154 163 148830 5205 3.6 17.6 226.2 0.3 5.8 6
31 Dec 09 55743 710 145830 -3000 -2 27 238.4 1.3 6.5 8.4
31 Jan 10 56098 354 153796 7965 5.5 31.5 280.4 0.6 6.5 9.2
28 Feb 10 56255 157 156405 2609 1.7 22 296.3 0.3 5.9 9.2
31 Mar 10 56552 297 152275 -4130 -2.6 18.9 273.6 0.5 5.7 5.9
30 Apr 10 56840 288 151883 -392 -0.3 -4.9 113 0.5 5.7 5.4
31 May 10 57057 217 150950 -933 -0.6 -13.2 53 0.4 5.9 5.8
30 Jun 10 57278 221 149737 -1214 -0.8 -6.5 19.4 0.4 6.2 5.2
31 Jul 10 56828 -450 150051 314 0.2 -4.7 -1.3 -0.8 5 -0.1
31 Aug 10 57060 232 150370 319 0.2 -1.5 5.2 0.4 5.2 0
30 Sep 10 57229 170 144380 -5990 -4 -13.6 5.1 0.3 4.8 -0.3
31 Oct 10 57360 131 143153 -1226 -0.8 -17.2 -0.3 0.2 4.5 3.8
30 Nov 10 57464 104 143494 340 0.2 -17.1 -3.6 0.2 4.4 2.9
31 Dec 10 57924 460 139953 -3540 -2.5 -11.7 -4 0.8 3.9 4.9
31 Jan 11 58175 250 139245 -708 -0.5 -10.5 -9.5 0.4 3.7 5.8
28 Feb 11 58371 196 138500 -746 -0.5 -13.2 -11.4 0.3 3.8 6.5
31 Mar 11 58539 169 135420 -3080 -2.2 -12.3 -11.1 0.3 3.5 4.3
30 Apr 11 58912 372 132537 -2883 -2.1 -17.9 -12.7 0.6 3.6 5.2
31 May 11 59294 383 131523 -1014 -0.8 -18.7 -12.9 0.6 3.9 6.5
30 Jun 11 59597 303 128903 -2620 -2 -17.9 -13.9 0.5 4 7.4
31 Jul 11 59842 245 127196 -1708 -1.3 -15.2 -15.2 0.4 5.3 6.5
31 Aug 11 60091 249 127632 437 0.3 -11.3 -15.1 0.4 5.3 5.5
30 Sep 11 60347 256 124730 -2902 -2.3 -12.3 -13.6 0.4 5.4 5.1
31 Oct 11 60845 498 131759 7029 5.6 15.1 -8 0.8 6.1 6.9
30 Nov 11 61033 188 151509 19750 15 98.6 5.6 0.3 6.2 6.4
31 Dec 11 61176 143 163905 12397 8.2 198.2 17.1 0.2 5.6 5.6
31 Jan 12 61196 20 173512 9607 5.9 200.7 24.6 0 5.2 2.3
29 Feb 12 61578 381 189319 15807 9.1 143.8 36.7 0.6 5.5 3.6
31 Mar 12 61795 217 202273 12954 6.8 131.9 49.4 0.4 5.6 4.1
30 Apr 12 61853 58 218099 15826 7.8 149.6 64.6 0.1 5 4.4
31 May 12 62202 349 230390 12291 5.6 119.3 75.2 0.6 4.9 4.1
30 Jun 12 62515 314 228207 -2183 -0.9 62 77 0.5 4.9 4.7
31 Jul 12 62778 263 235349 7142 3.1 35.6 85 0.4 4.9 6.1
31 Aug 12 63151 372 251655 16306 6.9 42.4 97.2 0.6 5.1 6.2
30 Sep 12 63253 102 262294 10638 4.2 74.5 110.3 0.2 4.8 4.8
31 Oct 12 63432 179 274873 12579 4.8 86.1 108.6 0.3 4.3 4.2
30 Nov 12 63612 179 281259 6387 2.3 56 85.6 0.3 4.2 3
31 Dec 12 63847 235 275684 -5575 -2 22 68.2 0.4 4.4 3.8
31 Jan 13 63932 85 274377 -1307 -0.5 -0.7 58.1 0.1 4.5 3.2
28 Feb 13 64363 431 277302 2925 1.1 -5.5 46.5 0.7 4.5 4.8
31 Mar 13 64725 362 278693 1391 0.5 4.4 37.8 0.6 4.7 5.6
30 Apr 13 65034 310 285130 6436 2.3 16.6 30.7 0.5 5.1 7.1
31 May 13 65339 305 288784 3654 1.3 17.6 25.3 0.5 5 6.2
30 Jun 13 65544 204 289740 956 0.3 16.8 27 0.3 4.8 5.2
31 Jul 13 65765 221 293575 3836 1.3 12.4 24.7 0.3 4.8 4.6
31 Aug 13 65989 224 296482 2907 1 11.1 17.8 0.3 4.5 4
30 Sep 13 66132 144 295104 -1378 -0.5 7.6 12.5 0.2 4.6 3.6
31 Oct 13 66252 120 299561 4457 1.5 8.4 9 0.2 4.4 3
30 Nov 13 66410 158 302225 2664 0.9 8 7.5 0.2 4.4 2.6
31 Dec 13 66635 225 298828 -3397 -1.1 5.1 8.4 0.3 4.4 3.1
31 Jan 14 66784 148 300032 1205 0.4 0.6 9.4 0.2 4.5 3.2
28 Feb 14 66976 193 304469 4437 1.5 3 9.8 0.3 4.1 3.5
31 Mar 14 67093 117 300341 -4128 -1.4 2 7.8 0.2 3.7 2.8
30 Apr 14 67495 402 301449 1108 0.4 1.9 5.7 0.6 3.8 4.3
31 May 14 67806 311 304891 3442 1.1 0.6 5.6 0.5 3.8 5.1
30 Jun 14 67906 99 304105 -787 -0.3 5.1 5 0.1 3.6 4.9
31 Jul 14 68138 232 303621 -484 -0.2 2.9 3.4 0.3 3.6 3.9
31 Aug 14 68498 361 303570 -51 0 -1.7 2.4 0.5 3.8 4.1
30 Sep 14 68911 413 292432 -11138 -3.7 -14.5 -0.9 0.6 4.2 6.1
31 Oct 14 69413 502 299984 7552 2.6 -4.7 0.1 0.7 4.8 7.7
30 Nov 14 69878 465 304391 4408 1.5 1.1 0.7 0.7 5.2 8.3
31 Dec 14 70271 393 300587 -3804 -1.2 11.6 0.6 0.6 5.5 8.1
31 Jan 15 70631 361 303573 2986 1 4.9 1.2 0.5 5.8 7.2
28 Feb 15 71062 431 306701 3128 1 3.1 0.7 0.6 6.1 7
31 Mar 15 71373 311 305112 -1589 -0.5 6.2 1.6 0.4 6.4 6.4
30 Apr 15 71604 231 308012 2900 1 6 2.2 0.3 6.1 5.6
31 May 15 71946 342 315381 7369 2.4 11.8 3.4 0.5 6.1 5.1
30 Jun 15 72238 292 315525 143 0 14.4 3.8 0.4 6.4 4.9
31 Jul 15 72476 237 316355 830 0.3 11.3 4.2 0.3 6.4 5
31 Aug 15 72806 330 317491 1136 0.4 2.7 4.6 0.5 6.3 4.9
30 Sep 15 73023 217 308627 -8864 -2.8 -8.5 5.5 0.3 6 4.4
31 Oct 15 73430 407 315244 6617 2.1 -1.4 5.1 0.6 5.8 5.4
30 Nov 15 73859 429 315332 88 0 -2.7 3.6 0.6 5.7 5.9
31 Dec 15 74048 189 305858 -9474 -3 -3.5 1.8 0.3 5.4 5.7
31 Jan 16 74423 375 313494 7636 2.5 -2.2 3.3 0.5 5.4 5.5
29 Feb 16 75243 820 315819 2325 0.7 0.6 3 1.1 5.9 7.7
31 Mar 16 75886 643 314101 -1718 -0.5 11.2 2.9 0.9 6.3 10.3
30 Apr 16 76533 647 318432 4331 1.4 6.5 3.4 0.9 6.9 11.8
31 May 16 77074 542 317832 -600 -0.2 2.6 0.8 0.7 7.1 10.1
30 Jun 16 77690 616 316133 -1699 -0.5 2.6 0.2 0.8 7.5 9.9
31 Jul 16 78424 734 318926 2793 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.9 8.2 10.3
31 Aug 16 78970 546 325692 6767 2.1 10.3 2.6 0.7 8.5 10.2
30 Sep 16 79465 495 320935 -4758 -1.5 6.2 4 0.6 8.8 9.5
31 Oct 16 79940 475 336625 15690 4.9 24.1 6.8 0.6 8.9 8
30 Nov 16 80367 427 352619 15994 4.8 37.4 11.8 0.5 8.8 7.3
31 Dec 16 80791 423 367544 14924 4.2 72 20.2 0.5 9.1 6.8
31 Jan 17 81196 405 380671 13128 3.6 63.5 21.4 0.5 9.1 6.4
28 Feb 17 81502 306 399476 18805 4.9 64.7 26.5 0.4 8.3 5.8
31 Mar 17 81587 85 415059 15583 3.9 62.6 32.1 0.1 7.5 4
30 Apr 17 82017 430 431208 16149 3.9 64.6 35.4 0.5 7.2 4.1
31 May 17 82152 135 437395 6187 1.4 43.7 37.6 0.2 6.6 3.2
30 Jun 17 82149 -4 439982 2587 0.6 26.3 39.2 0 5.7 2.8
31 Jul 17 82140 -9 446961 6979 1.6 15.4 40.1 0 4.7 0.6
31 Aug 17 82116 -24 447672 711 0.2 9.7 37.5 0 4 -0.2
30 Sep 17 82167 51 441318 -6355 -1.4 1.2 37.5 0.1 3.4 0.1
31 Oct 17 82237 70 456269 14951 3.4 8.6 35.5 0.1 2.9 0.5
30 Nov 17 82110 -126 457683 1414 0.3 9.2 29.8 -0.2 2.2 0
31 Dec 17 81952 -158 461471 3788 0.8 19.6 25.6 -0.2 1.4 -1
31 Jan 18 81789 -163 469224 7753 1.7 11.9 23.3 -0.2 0.7 -2.2
28 Feb 18 81565 -224 481382 12158 2.6 22.4 20.5 -0.3 0.1 -2.6
31 Mar 18 81288 -277 477273 -4109 -0.9 14.4 15 -0.3 -0.4 -3.2
30 Apr 18 81479 191 491975 14702 3.1 20.9 14.1 0.2 -0.7 -1.5
31 May 18 81542 63 493439 1464 0.3 10.4 12.8 0.1 -0.7 -0.1
30 Jun 18 81629 87 488956 -4483 -0.9 10.2 11.1 0.1 -0.6 1.7
31 Jul 18 81717 89 487315 -1641 -0.3 -3.7 9 0.1 -0.5 1.2
31 Aug 18 81763 46 489717 2402 0.5 -3 9.4 0.1 -0.4 1.1
30 Sep 18 81891 128 488734 -983 -0.2 -0.2 10.7 0.2 -0.3 1.3
31 Oct 18 81981 90 491451 2717 0.6 3.4 7.7 0.1 -0.3 1.3
30 Nov 18 82010 29 489496 -1955 -0.4 -0.2 7 0 -0.1 1.2
31 Dec 18 82096 86 485767 -3729 -0.8 -2.4 5.3 0.1 0.2 1
31 Jan 19 82249 153 487824 2057 0.4 -2.9 4 0.2 0.6 1.3
28 Feb 19 82393 144 490517 2693 0.6 0.8 1.9 0.2 1 1.9
31 Mar 19 82464 72 475034 -15483 -3.2 -8.5 -0.5 0.1 1.4 1.8
30 Apr 19 82506 42 488981 13947 2.9 1 -0.6 0.1 1.3 1.3
31 May 19 82623 117 492419 3438 0.7 1.6 -0.2 0.1 1.3 1.1
30 Jun 19 82766 143 489726 -2694 -0.5 13 0.2 0.2 1.4 1.5
31 Jul 19 82840 74 486224 -3501 -0.7 -2.2 -0.2 0.1 1.4 1.6
31 Aug 19 83022 183 484818 -1406 -0.3 -6 -1 0.2 1.5 1.9
30 Sep 19 83023 0 471211 -13607 -2.8 -14.3 -3.6 0 1.4 1.2

Change date range from: to:

Notes:

[a] Average of amounts outstanding at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month.

[b] From November 2009 notes and coin in circulation represents all holdings outside the Bank of England (including those in banks' and building societies' tills), but excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland. The effects of the change in definition have been removed from the flows (changes) data. For details, see the October 2009 article in Monetary & Financial Statistics at http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/documents/ms/articles/art1oct09.pdf.

[c] The seasonal adjustment of this series is under review due to changes in patterns of trading day and holiday effects, particularly from 2013 onwards.

[d] Changes to the method of seasonal adjustment took effect from the publication of July 2019 data. For further details, see: https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/details/further-details-about-notes-and-coin-and-reserves-balances-data. (31 Jan 2009 onward)

[e] Growth rates for reserve balances are shown for the series which is an average of the balances at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month - LPMBL22.

[f] A change in the reporting of notes and coin in relation to the days of the week on which Bank Holidays fall is affecting the pattern of trading day factors. This is impacting on the quality of the seasonal adjustment of these series, which will therefore be kept under review.