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Date Monthly average amount outstanding of total sterling notes and coin in circulation, excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[a] [b] [c] [d] [e]
LPMAVAB
Monthly changes of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in sterling millions) seasonally adjusted
[c] [d] [e]
LPMAVAG
Monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[a]
LPMBL22
Monthly changes in monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL23
Monthly 1 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL24
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted
[f]
LPMBL25
Monthly 12 month growth rate of monthly average of amounts outstanding (on Wednesdays) of Bank of England Banking Department sterling reserves balance liabilities (in sterling millions) not seasonally adjusted

LPMBL27
Monthly 1 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c] [e]
LPMVQUT
Monthly 12 month growth rate of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[c] [e]
LPMVQUU
Monthly 3 month growth rate (annualised) of total sterling notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England (in percent) seasonally adjusted
[g]
LPMVQUV
31 Jan 08 48888 393 23779 -90 -0.4 20.3 26.7 0.8 6.3 5.3
29 Feb 08 49223 335 22801 -978 -4.1 -7.6 29 0.7 6.6 7.6
31 Mar 08 49550 327 25688 2888 12.7 34.2 45.2 0.7 6.7 9
30 Apr 08 49666 116 26647 958 3.7 57.7 46.8 0.2 6.7 6.5
31 May 08 49826 160 27511 864 3.2 112 56.8 0.3 6 5
30 Jun 08 50022 196 28319 808 2.9 47.7 57.9 0.4 5.7 3.9
31 Jul 08 50194 173 27942 -377 -1.3 20.9 25.4 0.3 5.8 4.3
31 Aug 08 50193 -2 28696 754 2.7 18.4 56.5 0 5.1 3
30 Sep 08 50602 409 36309 7613 26.5 170.2 47.2 0.8 5.2 4.7
31 Oct 08 51131 529 48367 12058 33.2 797.8 113 1 6 7.7
30 Nov 08 51607 476 45621 -2746 -5.7 538.8 96.2 0.9 6.8 11.8
31 Dec 08 51941 334 43098 -2523 -5.5 98.5 80.6 0.6 7.1 11
31 Jan 09 52946 442 40425 -2673 -6.2 -51.2 70 0.9 7.1 10.2
28 Feb 09 53285 339 39467 -959 -2.4 -44 73.1 0.6 7.1 8.9
31 Mar 09 53672 387 40758 1292 3.3 -20 58.7 0.7 7.2 9.2
30 Apr 09 53950 278 71314 30555 75 868.5 167.6 0.5 7.5 7.8
31 May 09 54049 98 98689 27375 38.4 3809.8 258.7 0.2 7.3 5.9
30 Jun 09 54113 64 125383 26695 27 8855.5 342.8 0.1 7 3.3
31 Jul 09 54271 159 152083 26700 21.3 1968.4 444.3 0.3 7 2.4
31 Aug 09 54422 151 142932 -9152 -6 340 398.1 0.3 7.3 2.8
30 Sep 09 54784 362 137382 -5550 -3.9 44.1 278.4 0.7 7.1 5.1
31 Oct 09 55033 249 143626 6244 4.5 -20.5 196.9 0.5 6.5 5.7
30 Nov 09 55018 35 148830 5205 3.6 17.6 226.2 0.1 5.6 4.8
31 Dec 09 55685 788 145830 -3000 -2 27 238.4 1.4 6.4 8.1
31 Jan 10 56203 518 153796 7965 5.5 31.5 280.4 0.9 6.5 10.1
28 Feb 10 56270 67 156405 2609 1.7 22 296.3 0.1 5.9 10.4
31 Mar 10 56574 304 152275 -4130 -2.6 18.9 273.6 0.5 5.7 6.5
30 Apr 10 56862 288 151883 -392 -0.3 -4.9 113 0.5 5.7 4.8
31 May 10 57072 210 150950 -933 -0.6 -13.2 53 0.4 5.9 5.8
30 Jun 10 57299 227 149737 -1214 -0.8 -6.5 19.4 0.4 6.2 5.2
31 Jul 10 56830 -469 150051 314 0.2 -4.7 -1.3 -0.8 5 -0.2
31 Aug 10 57052 222 150370 319 0.2 -1.5 5.2 0.4 5.2 -0.1
30 Sep 10 57237 185 144380 -5990 -4 -13.6 5.1 0.3 4.8 -0.4
31 Oct 10 57340 102 143153 -1226 -0.8 -17.2 -0.3 0.2 4.5 3.6
30 Nov 10 57311 -28 143494 340 0.2 -17.1 -3.6 0 4.4 1.8
31 Dec 10 57875 564 139953 -3540 -2.5 -11.7 -4 1 3.9 4.5
31 Jan 11 58315 439 139245 -708 -0.5 -10.5 -9.5 0.8 3.8 7
28 Feb 11 58370 56 138500 -746 -0.5 -13.2 -11.4 0.1 3.7 7.6
31 Mar 11 58560 189 135420 -3080 -2.2 -12.3 -11.1 0.3 3.5 4.8
30 Apr 11 58930 370 132537 -2883 -2.1 -17.9 -12.7 0.6 3.6 4.3
31 May 11 59308 378 131523 -1014 -0.8 -18.7 -12.9 0.6 3.9 6.6
30 Jun 11 59624 317 128903 -2620 -2 -17.9 -13.9 0.5 4.1 7.5
31 Jul 11 59838 214 127196 -1708 -1.3 -15.2 -15.2 0.4 5.3 6.3
31 Aug 11 60111 273 127632 437 0.3 -11.3 -15.1 0.5 5.4 5.5
30 Sep 11 60325 214 124730 -2902 -2.3 -12.3 -13.6 0.4 5.4 4.8
31 Oct 11 60813 488 131759 7029 5.6 15.1 -8 0.8 6.1 6.7
30 Nov 11 60987 175 151509 19750 15 98.6 5.6 0.3 6.4 6
31 Dec 11 61206 219 163905 12397 8.2 198.2 17.1 0.4 5.8 6
31 Jan 12 61377 171 173512 9607 5.9 200.7 24.6 0.3 5.3 3.8
29 Feb 12 61569 193 189319 15807 9.1 143.8 36.7 0.3 5.5 3.9
31 Mar 12 61810 241 202273 12954 6.8 131.9 49.4 0.4 5.6 4
30 Apr 12 61873 63 218099 15826 7.8 149.6 64.6 0.1 5 3.3
31 May 12 62105 233 230390 12291 5.6 119.3 75.2 0.4 4.7 3.5
30 Jun 12 62410 304 228207 -2183 -0.9 62 77 0.5 4.7 3.9
31 Jul 12 62767 357 235349 7142 3.1 35.6 85 0.6 4.9 5.9
31 Aug 12 63180 413 251655 16306 6.9 42.4 97.2 0.7 5.1 7.1
30 Sep 12 63224 44 262294 10638 4.2 74.5 110.3 0.1 4.8 5.3
31 Oct 12 63403 179 274873 12579 4.8 86.1 108.6 0.3 4.3 4.1
30 Nov 12 63528 125 281259 6387 2.3 56 85.6 0.2 4.2 2.2
31 Dec 12 63740 212 275684 -5575 -2 22 68.2 0.3 4.1 3.3
31 Jan 13 64044 304 274377 -1307 -0.5 -0.7 58.1 0.5 4.3 4.1
28 Feb 13 64354 310 277302 2925 1.1 -5.5 46.5 0.5 4.5 5.3
31 Mar 13 64741 387 278693 1391 0.5 4.4 37.8 0.6 4.7 6.4
30 Apr 13 65056 314 285130 6436 2.3 16.6 30.7 0.5 5.1 6.5
31 May 13 65358 303 288784 3654 1.3 17.6 25.3 0.5 5.2 6.4
30 Jun 13 65546 188 289740 956 0.3 16.8 27 0.3 5 5.1
31 Jul 13 65760 214 293575 3836 1.3 12.4 24.7 0.3 4.8 4.4
31 Aug 13 66000 240 296482 2907 1 11.1 17.8 0.4 4.5 4
30 Sep 13 66133 133 295104 -1378 -0.5 7.6 12.5 0.2 4.6 3.6
31 Oct 13 66242 109 299561 4457 1.5 8.4 9 0.2 4.5 3
30 Nov 13 66475 232 302225 2664 0.9 8 7.5 0.4 4.6 2.9
31 Dec 13 66685 211 298828 -3397 -1.1 5.1 8.4 0.3 4.6 3.4
31 Jan 14 66775 89 300032 1205 0.4 0.6 9.4 0.1 4.3 3.3
28 Feb 14 66978 203 304469 4437 1.5 3 9.8 0.3 4.1 3.1
31 Mar 14 67124 146 300341 -4128 -1.4 2 7.8 0.2 3.7 2.7
30 Apr 14 67508 384 301449 1108 0.4 1.9 5.7 0.6 3.8 4.5
31 May 14 67776 268 304891 3442 1.1 0.6 5.6 0.4 3.7 4.9
30 Jun 14 67941 165 304105 -787 -0.3 5.1 5 0.2 3.7 5
31 Jul 14 68141 200 303621 -484 -0.2 2.9 3.4 0.3 3.6 3.8
31 Aug 14 68508 367 303570 -51 0 -1.7 2.4 0.5 3.8 4.4
30 Sep 14 68924 416 292432 -11138 -3.7 -14.5 -0.9 0.6 4.2 5.9
31 Oct 14 69420 496 299984 7552 2.6 -4.7 0.1 0.7 4.8 7.7
30 Nov 14 69897 477 304391 4408 1.5 1.1 0.7 0.7 5.1 8.4
31 Dec 14 70295 397 300587 -3804 -1.2 11.6 0.6 0.6 5.4 8.2
31 Jan 15 70706 411 303573 2986 1 4.9 1.2 0.6 5.9 7.6
28 Feb 15 71076 371 306701 3128 1 3.1 0.7 0.5 6.1 6.9
31 Mar 15 71405 329 305112 -1589 -0.5 6.2 1.6 0.5 6.4 6.5
30 Apr 15 71614 209 308012 2900 1 6 2.2 0.3 6.1 5.2
31 May 15 71938 323 315381 7369 2.4 11.8 3.4 0.5 6.1 4.9
30 Jun 15 72245 308 315525 143 0 14.4 3.8 0.4 6.3 4.8
31 Jul 15 72485 239 316355 830 0.3 11.3 4.2 0.3 6.4 5
31 Aug 15 72805 321 317491 1136 0.4 2.7 4.6 0.4 6.3 4.9
30 Sep 15 73056 251 308627 -8864 -2.8 -8.5 5.5 0.3 6 4.6
31 Oct 15 73433 377 315244 6617 2.1 -1.4 5.1 0.5 5.8 5.3
30 Nov 15 73764 331 315332 88 0 -2.7 3.6 0.5 5.5 5.4
31 Dec 15 73988 224 305858 -9474 -3 -3.5 1.8 0.3 5.3 5.2
31 Jan 16 74466 478 313494 7636 2.5 -2.2 3.3 0.6 5.3 5.7
29 Feb 16 75267 801 315819 2325 0.7 0.6 3 1.1 5.9 8.4
31 Mar 16 75910 643 314101 -1718 -0.5 11.2 2.9 0.9 6.3 10.8
30 Apr 16 76542 633 318432 4331 1.4 6.5 3.4 0.8 6.9 11.6
31 May 16 77069 527 317832 -600 -0.2 2.6 0.8 0.7 7.1 9.9
30 Jun 16 77700 631 316133 -1699 -0.5 2.6 0.2 0.8 7.5 9.8
31 Jul 16 78431 731 318926 2793 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.9 8.2 10.2
31 Aug 16 78977 546 325692 6767 2.1 10.3 2.6 0.7 8.5 10.3
30 Sep 16 79500 523 320935 -4758 -1.5 6.2 4 0.7 8.8 9.6
31 Oct 16 79918 418 336625 15690 4.9 24.1 6.8 0.5 8.8 7.8
30 Nov 16 80382 464 352619 15994 4.8 37.4 11.8 0.6 9 7.3
31 Dec 16 80870 488 367544 14924 4.2 72 20.2 0.6 9.3 7.1
31 Jan 17 81275 405 380671 13128 3.6 63.5 21.4 0.5 9.1 7
28 Feb 17 81531 257 399476 18805 4.9 64.7 26.5 0.3 8.3 5.8
31 Mar 17 81596 64 415059 15583 3.9 62.6 32.1 0.1 7.5 3.6
30 Apr 17 82030 434 431208 16149 3.9 64.6 35.4 0.5 7.2 3.8
31 May 17 82133 104 437395 6187 1.4 43.7 37.6 0.1 6.6 3
30 Jun 17 82170 37 439982 2587 0.6 26.3 39.2 0 5.8 2.8
31 Jul 17 82151 -19 446961 6979 1.6 15.4 40.1 0 4.7 0.6
31 Aug 17 82113 -38 447672 711 0.2 9.7 37.5 0 4 -0.1
30 Sep 17 82232 119 441318 -6355 -1.4 1.2 37.5 0.1 3.4 0.3
31 Oct 17 82172 -60 456269 14951 3.4 8.6 35.5 -0.1 2.8 0.1
30 Nov 17 82053 -119 457683 1414 0.3 9.2 29.8 -0.1 2.1 -0.3
31 Dec 17 81928 -125 461471 3788 0.8 19.6 25.6 -0.2 1.3 -1.5
31 Jan 18 81765 -163 469224 7753 1.7 11.9 23.3 -0.2 0.6 -2
28 Feb 18 81592 -173 481382 12158 2.6 22.4 20.5 -0.2 0.1 -2.2
31 Mar 18 81262 -330 477273 -4109 -0.9 14.4 15 -0.4 -0.4 -3.2
30 Apr 18 81490 229 491975 14702 3.1 20.9 14.1 0.3 -0.7 -1.3
31 May 18 81495 5 493439 1464 0.3 10.4 12.8 0 -0.8 -0.5
30 Jun 18 81640 144 488956 -4483 -0.9 10.2 11.1 0.2 -0.6 1.9
31 Jul 18 81753 114 487315 -1641 -0.3 -3.7 9 0.1 -0.5 1.3
31 Aug 18 81781 28 489717 2402 0.5 -3 9.4 0 -0.4 1.4
30 Sep 18 82001 219 488734 -983 -0.2 -0.2 10.7 0.3 -0.3 1.8
31 Oct 18 81884 -116 491451 2717 0.6 3.4 7.7 -0.1 -0.4 0.6
30 Nov 18 81940 55 489496 -1955 -0.4 -0.2 7 0.1 -0.1 0.8
31 Dec 18 82117 177 485767 -3729 -0.8 -2.4 5.3 0.2 0.2 0.6
31 Jan 19 82242 126 487824 2057 0.4 -2.9 4 0.2 0.6 1.8
28 Feb 19 82411 169 490517 2693 0.6 0.8 1.9 0.2 1 2.3
31 Mar 19 82403 -8 475034 -15483 -3.2 -8.5 -0.5 0 1.4 1.4
30 Apr 19 82492 89 488981 13947 2.9 1 -0.6 0.1 1.2 1.2
31 May 19 82490 -1 492419 3438 0.7 1.6 -0.2 0 1.2 0.4
30 Jun 19 82751 261 489726 -2694 -0.5 13 0.2 0.3 1.4 1.7
31 Jul 19 82921 170 486224 -3501 -0.7 -2.2 -0.2 0.2 1.4 2.1
31 Aug 19 83080 160 484818 -1406 -0.3 -6 -1 0.2 1.6 2.9
30 Sep 19 83215 135 471211 -13607 -2.8 -14.3 -3.6 0.2 1.5 2.3
31 Oct 19 83116 -99 483996 12785 2.7 -1.8 -1.5 -0.1 1.5 0.9
30 Nov 19 82807 -309 484980 984 0.2 0.1 -0.9 -0.4 1.1 -1.3
31 Dec 19 82615 -191 478817 -6162 -1.3 6.6 -1.4 -0.2 0.6 -2.9
31 Jan 20 82601 -14 474470 -4347 -0.9 -7.6 -2.7 0 0.4 -2.5
29 Feb 20 82490 -111 475990 1520 0.3 -7.2 -3 -0.1 0.1 -1.5
31 Mar 20 82534 43 469036 -6954 -1.5 -7.9 -1.3 0.1 0.2 -0.4
30 Apr 20 82511 -23 552427 83391 17.8 83.8 13 0 0 -0.4
31 May 20 83812 1301 635908 83481 15.1 218.6 29.1 1.6 1.6 6.6
30 Jun 20 86105 2293 680557 44649 7 343.2 39 2.7 4.1 18.5
31 Jul 20 87664 1559 705283 24726 3.6 165.7 45.1 1.8 5.7 27.4
31 Aug 20 88403 739 727298 22016 3.1 71.1 50 0.8 6.4 23.8
30 Sep 20 88934 531 725790 -1509 -0.2 29.4 54 0.6 6.9 13.8
31 Oct 20 89450 517 746846 21056 2.9 25.7 54.3 0.6 7.6 8.4
30 Nov 20 89882 432 766724 19877 2.7 23.5 58.1 0.5 8.5 6.9
31 Dec 20 90287 405 769816 3092 0.4 26.6 60.8 0.5 9.3 6.2
31 Jan 21 92187 1900 771662 1847 0.2 14 62.6 2.1 11.6 12.8
28 Feb 21 93170 983 792181 20519 2.7 14 66.4 1.1 12.9 15.5
31 Mar 21 93465 295 798875 6693 0.8 16 70.3 0.3 13.2 14.8
30 Apr 21 94844 1379 808803 9929 1.2 20.7 46.4 1.5 14.9 12
31 May 21 95019 175 828067 19264 2.4 19.4 30.2 0.2 13.4 8.2
30 Jun 21 95065 46 828373 306 0 15.6 21.7 0 10.4 7
31 Jul 21 95102 37 843557 15185 1.8 18.3 19.6 0 8.5 1.1
31 Aug 21 95237 135 851793 8235 1 12 17.1 0.1 7.7 0.9
30 Sep 21 95464 228 853646 1854 0.2 12.8 17.6 0.2 7.3 1.7
31 Oct 21 95687 223 899335 45689 5.4 29.2 20.4 0.2 7 2.5
30 Nov 21 95767 81 965258 65923 7.3 64.9 25.9 0.1 6.5 2.2
31 Dec 21 95016 -751 970463 5205 0.5 67 26.1 -0.8 5.2 -1.9
31 Jan 22 95268 252 977076 6613 0.7 39.3 26.6 0.3 3.3 -1.7
28 Feb 22 95347 80 975488 -1588 -0.2 4.3 23.1 0.1 2.3 -1.7
31 Mar 22 95017 -330 952122 -23366 -2.4 -7.3 19.2 -0.3 1.7 0
30 Apr 22 94985 -32 952204 82 0 -9.8 17.7 0 0.1 -1.2
31 May 22 94969 -17 952773 570 0.1 -9 15.1 0 -0.1 -1.6
30 Jun 22 94869 -100 951623 -1150 -0.1 -0.2 14.9 -0.1 -0.2 -0.6
31 Jul 22 94739 -130 945831 -5792 -0.6 -2.7 12.1 -0.1 -0.4 -1
31 Aug 22 94661 -77 950645 4814 0.5 -0.9 11.6 -0.1 -0.6 -1.3
30 Sep 22 94469 -192 943217 -7428 -0.8 -3.5 10.5 -0.2 -1 -1.7
31 Oct 22 93992 -478 952671 9454 1 2.9 5.9 -0.5 -1.8 -3.1
30 Nov 22 93955 -36 951600 -1070 -0.1 0.4 -1.4 0 -1.9 -3
31 Dec 22 93950 -6 935571 -16029 -1.7 -3.2 -3.6 0 -1.1 -2.2
31 Jan 23 94116 167 921203 -14368 -1.5 -12.6 -5.7 0.2 -1.2 0.5
28 Feb 23 94563 446 914032 -7171 -0.8 -14.9 -6.3 0.5 -0.8 2.6
31 Mar 23 94112 -451 907845 -6188 -0.7 -11.3 -4.7 -0.5 -1 0.7
30 Apr 23 94010 -102 894834 -13010 -1.4 -11 -6 -0.1 -1 -0.5
31 May 23 93978 -32 883651 -11184 -1.2 -12.6 -7.3 0 -1 -2.5
30 Jun 23 93979 2 876352 -7298 -0.8 -13.2 -7.9 0 -0.9 -0.6
31 Jul 23 93969 -10 859147 -17206 -2 -15 -9.2 0 -0.8 -0.2
31 Aug 23 93915 -55 839891 -19256 -2.2 -18.4 -11.7 -0.1 -0.8 -0.3
30 Sep 23 93903 -11 820592 -19299 -2.3 -23.1 -13 0 -0.6 -0.3
31 Oct 23 94352 449 815889 -4702 -0.6 -18.7 -14.4 0.5 0.4 1.6
30 Nov 23 94627 275 806467 -9422 -1.2 -15 -15.3 0.3 0.7 3.1
31 Dec 23 94396 -231 804359 -2108 -0.3 -7.7 -14 -0.2 0.5 2.1
31 Jan 24 94622 226 794215 -10144 -1.3 -10.2 -13.8 0.2 0.5 1.2

Change date range from: to:

Notes:

[a] Average of amounts outstanding at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month.

[b] From November 2009 notes and coin in circulation represents all holdings outside the Bank of England (including those in banks' and building societies' tills), but excluding backing assets for commercial banknote issue in Scotland and Northern Ireland. The effects of the change in definition have been removed from the flows (changes) data. For details, see the October 2009 article in Monetary & Financial Statistics at http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/documents/ms/articles/art1oct09.pdf.

[c] The seasonal adjustment of this series is under review due to changes in patterns of trading day and holiday effects, particularly from 2013 onwards.

[d] Changes to the method of seasonal adjustment took effect from the publication of July 2019 data. For further details, see: https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/details/further-details-about-notes-and-coin-and-reserves-balances-data. (31 Jan 2009 onward)

[e] All seasonal adjustment methods are subject to regular review and the methodology for the Notes & Coins data was updated in June 2021. Historical data has been revised for the new methodology applied. For further details, see https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/details/further-details-about-seasonal-adjustment-data (30 Jun 2021)

[f] Growth rates for reserve balances are shown for the series which is an average of the balances at close of business on Wednesdays within the calendar month - LPMBL22.

[g] A change in the reporting of notes and coin in relation to the days of the week on which Bank Holidays fall is affecting the pattern of trading day factors. This is impacting on the quality of the seasonal adjustment of these series, which will therefore be kept under review.