Tracking foreign capital: the effect of capital inflows on bank lending in the UK

Staff working papers set out research in progress by our staff, with the aim of encouraging comments and debate.
Published on 14 June 2019

Staff Working Paper No. 804

By Christiane Kneer and Alexander Raabe

This paper examines how UK banks channel capital inflows to the individual sectors of the domestic economy and to overseas residents. Information on the source country of foreign capital deposited with UK banks allows us to construct a novel Bartik instrument for capital inflows. Our results suggest that foreign funds boost bank lending to the domestic economy. This result is due to the positive effect of capital inflows on bank lending to non-financial firms and to other domestic financial institutions. Banks do not channel capital inflows directly to households or the public sector. Much of the foreign capital is also channelled back abroad, reflecting the role of the UK as a global financial centre.

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