Testing automatic banknote handling machines

We set authentication standards for machines that automatically accept, count or sort banknotes.


Our machine-testing framework enables manufacturers to test their machines with counterfeit banknotes to ensure they only accept genuine banknotes.

The framework supports the code of conduct for local recycling, which ensures ATMs and self-service checkouts only dispense genuine notes

The Framework

An amended framework was introduced in February 2021 to allow equipment manufacturers to self certify the performance of their machines within their own facilities.

Framework for testing automatic banknote handling machines

It sits alongside a similar framework for Scottish and Northern Ireland banknotes managed by the Association of Commercial Banknote issuers.

Machines and software that meet our standard

Every month, we publish an updated list of models and software versions that meet our standards. Businesses can use it to make informed choices about the equipment they use.

Manufacturers often update the software in their machines for a new banknote design or to make authentication improvements. If you are a business owner or operate a machine, you can check you are using the correct version of software or firmware.

We test a sample model only and not every machine that is manufactured. Please be aware of the limits of our testing (these are set out in section 9 of our framework). 

If we have not listed a manufacturer or model you are aware of, please contact us at cash.machinetesting@bankofengland.co.uk.

The current list of machines and software versions that have met the standard can be downloaded below. This now combines the results of both the Bank of England and the Scottish and Northern Ireland banknote testing in one place for ease of use.

Details of machines that pass the test

Code of conduct for the authentication of machine-dispensed banknotes

Banknotes can be dispensed by machines such as ATMs or self-service checkouts. 

To help make sure notes dispensed by these machines are genuine we support the code of conduct for the authentication of machine-dispensed banknotes for business owners to follow.

The code requires all our notes dispensed in this way to be authenticated using a machine listed in our framework for testing automatic banknote handling machines.

For Scottish and Northern Ireland banknotes, use the Association of  Commercial Banknote Issuers’ framework

You can find out more information from UK Finance.

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This page was last updated 31 January 2023