Demographics, house prices and mortgage design

These papers report on research carried out by, or under the supervision of, the external members of the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) and their economic staff.
Published on 19 March 2012

External MPC Unit Discussion Paper No. 35

David Miles

This paper develops a model of the housing market that takes account of population density to assess the impact of population changes on the value and size of the housing stock. The model implies that if population density is on an upward trajectory, rises in population and in incomes increasingly generate price responses and diminishing rises in the stock of housing. This has implications for the optimal structure of housing finance. It makes equity financing of home purchase more desirable. The properties of hybrid debt-equity contracts for financing house purchase are explored.

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