Interim and end-state minimum requirements for own funds and eligible liabilities (MRELs)

The Bank of England has published UK-headquartered firms’ MRELs.

Overview

For resolution plans to be feasible and credible, UK firms are required to maintain sufficient resources that can absorb losses and provide for recapitalisation in resolution. To achieve this, the Bank of England, as the UK’s resolution authority, requires all banks, building societies and certain investment firms to maintain a minimum requirement for own funds and eligible liabilities (MREL).

This publication contains interim and end-state requirements for all UK-headquartered firms with an MREL above minimum capital requirements.

Interim and end-state minimum requirements for own funds and eligible liabilities (MRELs) Opens in a new window Opens in a new window Opens in a new window

What is MREL? 

The firms in this publication have resolution strategies which involve bail-in or partial transfer, and so must maintain sufficient equity and debt resources that can absorb losses and provide for recapitalisation in resolution.

MREL is the minimum amount of equity and subordinated debt a firm must maintain to support an effective resolution. This is separate to the capital requirements set by the PRA.

For debt or equity to count to MREL, it must meet specific conditions. These conditions ensure we could depend on that equity and debt to support a resolution.

MREL ensures that investors and shareholders – and not the taxpayer – absorb losses when a firm fails. We set MREL to reflect how we would expect to resolve a firm if they failed. The biggest and/or most complex firms have the highest MRELs – reflecting that they would be more disruptive if they failed in a disorderly way.

Interim and end-state MRELs

We are publishing the interim MRELs that we currently require UK-headquartered firms to maintain. This publication also provides an indication of the end-state MRELs that firms will have to meet.

This is the first time we are publishing individual MRELs for all UK-headquartered firms with an MREL above minimum capital requirements. Previously, we have published individual MRELs only for global and domestic systemically important banks and building societies headquartered in the UK.

This page was last updated 28 January 2021

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