- The limitations of private-sector risk management
- Establish more effective crisis management
- Tighten international coordination
- Develop a new generation of macroeconomic models
- Mopping up after the bust is not a good strategy
- Inflation targeting is necessary but not sufficient
- We need another instrument to stabilise the economy
Perhaps the key lesson is that inflation targeting and monetary policy is not sufficient to ensure economic stability. He argues: "Intelligent inflation targeting on these lines run by independent central banks still seems to me the best foundation for macroeconomic policy. But that does not mean the current framework or the way we explain it is perfect." He argues that it is essential that policymakers explain their strategy to the general public to convince them that inflation targeting is the best way of restoring growth and full employment. He also believes there are powerful arguments for including the cost of home ownership in the target measure of consumer prices. More fundamentally, he outlines the case for an additional policy instrument to smooth the credit cycle and protect the economy from imbalances in financial markets. These should include counter cyclical capital requirements for banks, in setting which the Central Banks should take a leading role.