By Christopher Hackworth of the Bank's Structural Economic Analysis Division.
Pay settlements negotiated between employers and their employees have fallen sharply during 2009. Pay settlements have averaged below 2%, with many companies freezing pay. The recession, and the associated drop in employers' demand for labour, has been a key influence on settlements. Inflation measures frequently cited in pay negotiations have also moderated, further reducing upward pressures on pay. This short article examines the recent movements in settlements.