Staff Working Paper No. 857
By Cristiano Cantore, Filippo Ferroni and Miguel León-Ledesma
The textbook New Keynesian (NK) model implies that the labor share is procyclical conditional on a monetary policy shock. We present evidence that a monetary policy tightening robustly increased the labor share and decreased real wages during the Great Moderation period in the US, the euro area, the UK, Australia and Canada. We show that this is inconsistent not only with the basic NK model, but with medium-scale NK models commonly used for monetary policy analysis and where it is possible to break the direct link between the labor share and the inverse mark-up. Our results imply that either NK models are unable to separate the dynamics of the labor share from the markup, or that markups do not respond in the way NK models predict.
This is an online appendix to Staff Working Paper No. 857.