Working Paper No. 340
By Prasanna Gai, Sujit Kapadia, Stephen Millard and Ander Perez
We present a general equilibrium model of intermediation designed to capture some of the key features of the modern financial system. The model incorporates financial constraints and state-contingent contracts, and captures the spillovers associated with asset fire sales during periods of stress. If a sufficiently severe shock occurs during a credit expansion, these spillovers can potentially generate a systemic financial crisis that may be self-fulfilling. Our model suggests that financial innovation and greater macroeconomic stability may have made financial crises in developed countries less likely than in the past, but potentially more severe.