Asset Purchase Facility Quarterly Report - 2021 Q3

In the interests of openness and transparency, we publish a quarterly report on the transactions carried out as part of the Asset Purchase Facility. The reports are published shortly after the end of each quarter.
Published on 25 October 2021

Overview

This report contains information on the Bank of England’s Asset Purchase Facility (APF) for 2021 Q3, describing operations from 1 July 2021 to 30 September 2021. More information on what the APF is and what it does is available in our Market Operations Guide. A short timeline describing the history of the APF is provided as background at the end of the report.

APF operations in the past quarter

This section contains details of gilt and corporate bond transactions, and gilts lent to the Debt Management Office (DMO), during the quarter.

At its meetings ending on 5 August and 23 September, the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) voted to maintain the stock of sterling non-financial investment-grade corporate bond purchases, financed by the issuance of central bank reserves, at £20 billion. The MPC also voted to continue with the Bank of England’s existing programme of UK government bond purchases, financed by the issuance of central bank reserves, maintaining the target for the total stock of these government bond purchases at £875 billion. This kept the total target stock of asset purchases at £895 billion.footnote [1] At the meeting ending 5 August, the MPC also confirmed that it would reinvest the proceeds (£16.6 billion) of a gilt maturity on 7 September 2021.

During 2021 Q3 the APF made £44.7 billion of gilt purchases, including transactions as part of the ongoing programme of purchases and to replace maturing gilts.footnote [2] Details of the purchase programme for this period can be found in the Market Notices published on 6 May 2021 and 5 August 2021. The APF did not purchase corporate bonds in 2021 Q3.

Table A summarises the stock of APF gilt and corporate bond purchases in 2021 Q3.

Table A: Summary of stocks in Asset Purchase Facility Schemes (a) (£ millions)

Week ending

Gilts (b)

Corporate bond purchase scheme (c)

2021 Q2 (d)

807,801

19,764

7 July 2021

811,241

19,735

14 July 2021

814,682

21 July 2021

818,123

28 July 2021

821,564

4 August 2021

825,005

19,715

11 August 2021

828,445

18 August 2021

831,886

25 August 2021

835,327

1 September 2021

837,621

19,680

8 September 2021

825,628

15 September 2021

829,069

22 September 2021

832,510

29 September 2021

835,951

Footnotes

  • Source: Bank of England.
  • (a) The outstanding amount in each facility is reported on a settlement date basis.
  • (b) The overall stock of APF gilt purchases, less redemptions, valued at initial purchase price.
  • (c) The overall stock of APF Corporate Bond Purchase Scheme purchases, less redemptions, valued at initial purchase price.
  • (d) 2021 Q2 measured as the amount outstanding as at 30 June 2021.

Chart 1 shows the cumulative net value of APF transactions between the establishment of the Fund and end-September 2021. As at 29 September 2021, the Bank had reported cumulative asset purchases net of sales, redemptions and repayments totalling £855.6 billion.

Chart 1 is separated into two panels with different scales. Gilt purchases and the Term Funding Scheme (TFS – which from 2016 to 2019 was on the APF balance sheet before its transfer to the Bank’s balance sheet) are on the left panel.footnote [3] The corporate bond schemes and legacy commercial paper schemes that have been operated via the APF balance sheet are on the right panel. The Covid Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF), which was launched in March 2020, is not part of the APF balance sheet.footnote [4]

Chart 1: Cumulative APF purchases by type: amounts outstanding (a) (b)

Left: chart shows an increase from 2009 to 2020 in purchases of gilts financed by reserves. The increase is driven by three main periods of gilt purchases. The most rapid increase comes in March 2020, which then slows somewhat and continues roughly consistently to the end of the data period. The graph also includes a line for the Term Funding Scheme, which begins in late 2016 and rises to over £100 billion around the end of 2017, before falling to £0 in early 2019. 
Right: chart shows amounts outstanding in the DMO financed Secured Commercial Paper, Commercial Paper and Corporate Bonds, as well as, reserves financed purchases of commercial paper and corporate bonds since 2009. The Corporate Bond Purchase Scheme, launched in 2016, is the dominant data series. The chart shows a rapid increase for this series in 2016 following the introduction of the CBPS, which increases again from March 2020 to October 2020 when new investments took place. The earlier schemes are much smaller by comparison, and all rise and fall back to £0 between 2009 and mid-2012.

Footnotes

  • Source: Bank of England.
  • (a) Data based on settled transactions.
  • (b) On 21 January 2019 the TFS drawings were moved to the Bank’s balance sheet and therefore are not reported after this date.

Gilts purchased via the APF continue to be made available for on-lending to the market through the gilt lending arrangement with the DMO. The average daily aggregate value of gilts lent by the APF to the DMO during the three months to 30 September 2021 was £7.5 billion.

APF history and background

Below is a summary of some of the key milestones in the history of the APF since its establishment in 2009.

  • 19 January 2009 Chancellor’s Statement announcing the intention to set up an asset purchase programme.
  • 29 January 2009 Establishment of the APF Fund (see exchange of letters between the Bank and HM Treasury).
  • 9 November 2012 HM Treasury announces the transfer of gilt coupon payments to the Exchequer (see exchange of letters between the Bank and HM Treasury).
  • 4 August 2016 MPC agrees to expand the APF by launching a Term Funding Scheme (TFS) and a Corporate Bond Purchase Scheme (CBPS) (see exchange of letters between the Bank and HM Treasury).
  • 21 June 2018 Bank and HM Treasury agree new capital and income framework codified by a new Memorandum of Understanding.
  • 21 January 2019 TFS drawings (and collateral) transferred from the APF to the Bank of England’s balance sheet.
  • 19 March 2020 MPC agrees to expand the APF with a £200 billion increase to the stock of UK gilts and sterling non-financial investment-grade corporate bonds to reach £645 billion.
  • 18 June 2020 MPC announces decision to expand the APF with a £100 billion increase to the stock of UK gilts to bring the total stock of asset purchases to £745 billion.
  • 5 November 2020 MPC announces decision to expand the APF with a £150 billion increase to the stock of UK gilts to bring the total stock of asset purchases to £895 billion.

Links to additional information related to the APF

Next publication date: 24 January 2022.

ISSN 2041-1936

  1. Access past minutes and decisions by the MPC on our website.

  2. You can find further details in our results and usage data.

  3. The Bank launched the Term Funding Scheme with additional incentives for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (TFSME) during April 2020. The TFSME does not appear in this report because it is operated from the Bank’s balance sheet, rather than the APF.

  4. The CCFF is operated by the Covid Corporate Financing Facility Limited (the Fund). Further details on the operation of the Fund can be found in the Consolidated Market Notice. You can find data on the CCFF in our results and usage data.

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